Statement and Assumptions Questions Answers for Analytical Logical Reasoning

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Statement and Assumptions Questions Answers

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Statement and Assumptions Type 1 Example

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give answer (1): if only assumption I is implicit.
Give answer (2): if only assumption II is implicit.
Give answer (3): if either I or II is implicit.
Give answer (4): if neither I nor II is implicit.
Give answer (5): if both I and II are implicit.

1. Statement: Pollution is a slow poison, and therefore social scientists and the media must work together to create sensitivity among people.
Assumptions:
I. Media is well informed and aware about the effects of pollution.
II. Media is likely to influence people to raise their sensitivity towards various problems.

2. Statement: In country ‘X ’ a public servant cannot claim immunity from prosecution for any objectionable act committed while performing his official duty.
Assumptions:
I. A public servant is likely to commit an objectionable act while performing his official duty.
II. Everyone is equal before law.

3. Statement: The entry of multinational companies in India has led to higher efficiency of the Indian companies who are competing with them.
Assumptions:
I. Employees of multinationals may serve as models for Indian company’s employees.
II. Competition will reduce many Indian companies to ashes.

4. Statement: ‘Only candidates having B. Tech., B.E., MBA and MCA with at least one year’s exposure to software will be considered for admission to our course’ – Admission criterion of a reputed software training institute.
Assumptions:
I. The candidates having requisite background are likely to complete the course successfully.
II. The institute is choosy about candidates to its courses.

5. Statement: ‘If you would like to have any more information of XYZ credit card, call us between 8.00 am and 8.00 pm 365 days of the year’ – An advertisement of ‘XYZ credit card company’.
Assumptions:
I. Competition produces friendlier customer service.
II. The company values and appreciates the need of the customers.

6. Statement: Since the First Five-Year Plan, the Indian policy-makers have acknowledged the services rendered by the voluntary agencies.
Assumptions:
I. Voluntary agencies have been in existence in India even before the First Five-Year Plan.
II. Voluntary agencies have contribution in designing of the First Five-Year-Plan.

7. Statement: As a nation we are committed to protect and promote the interests of all those who are socio-economically vulnerable.
Assumptions:
I. It is possible to protect and promote interests of socio-economically weak people.
II. A nation should have certain commitments for its people.

8. Statement: ‘This book has been written for everyone and does not require readers to have any experience in handling computers.’ — An author of a book on computers.
Assumptions:
I. It is possible to learn computers with the help of a book only.
II. It is possible to learn to handle computers only after reading the book.

9. Statement: Health is the foundation of well-being, virtue, prosperity, Wealth, happiness and salvation.
Assumptions:
I. Happiness results in health and well-being.
II. People desire to be happy, prosperous and virtuous.

10. Statement: ‘Autholised Indian Edition – illegal for sale or distribution outside India’ — A publisher’s note on the cover page of a book.
Assumptions:
I. Indian editions may be in demand in nearby countries.
II. It may be possible to sell or distribute this book outside India.

11. Statement: It is not true that the mightiest superpower always wins wars and gets accolades from other countries.
Assumptions:
I. Winners are sometimes admired and appreciated.
II. Winners are occasionally criticised.

12. Statement: Nobody can predict as to how long our country would take to contain the unfortunate and disastrous terrorist activities.
Assumptions:
I. It is impossible to put an end to terrorist activities.
II. Efforts to control the terrorist activities are on.

13. Statement: Wars must be discouraged vehemently even though majority of the victims might have been a nuisance to peace-loving people.
Assumptions:
I. Some people create problems to peace-loving people.
II. Wars kill majority of the wicked people.

14. Statement: In the recently imposed war, global public opinion was dishonoured by the economically strong and scientifically advanced superpower.
Assumptions:
I. Superpowers need not take any heed of global public opinion.
II. Global public opinion should have been against the imposition of war.

15. Statement: Wars must be discouraged vehemently even though majority of the victims might have been a nuisance to peace loving people.
Assumptions:
I. Innocent people are also killed in wars.
II. Vehement opposition to wars may have some desirable impact.

16. Statement: “‘Music Loving Club’ has announced a wide variety of programmes by the visiting musicians.“ – An advertisement
Assumptions:
I. A large number of people are interested to get entertainment through the programme.
II. The artistes may attract a large number of audience.

17. Statement: Central Bank, which is the largest bank in the country, has decided to reduce its workforce by 30 per cent so that its banks may work efficiently.
Assumptions:
I. The Bank can perform all its activities after the reduction in workforce.
II. The surplus employees may be asked to adopt early retirement scheme before leaving the bank.

18. Statement: The Principal instructed all the teachers to be careful in class because some students may disturb other students.
Assumptions:
I. The teachers may handle the situation properly and they may restrict the naughty students.
II. The students will welcome the decision of the Principal.

19. Statement: The State Government has abolished the scheme of providing concessional air ticket to students.
Assumptions:
I. Students will not travel by air in future.
II. The students who resort to travel by air can bear the expenses of air ticket.

20. Statement: The police has served a notice to the residents with immediate effect to be careful of the antisocial elements wandering in their areas.
Assumptions:
I. The local residents may pay heed to this notice.
II. The antisocial elements may ply to other areas.

21. Statement: The ‘X’ group of employees’ association have opposed Voluntary Retirement Scheme to the employees of some organisations.
Assumptions:
I. Only those employees who are not efficient may opt for the scheme.
II. The response of the employees may be lukewarm towards the scheme and it may not benefit the organisation to the desired level.

22. Statement: In view of the statement on the ongoing strike of work by the employees, the government has agreed to work out an effective social security programme.
Assumptions:
I. The striking employees may not be satisfied with the announcement and continue the agitation.
II. The striking employees may withdraw their agitation with immediate effect and start Working.

23. Statement: The head of the organisation congratulated the entire staff in his speech for their sincere effort to bring down the deficit and urged them to give their best for attaining a more profitable position in future.
Assumptions:
I. The employees may get motivated and maintain and if possible enhance their present level of work.
II. The employees may now relax and slow down in their day-to-day work as there is no immediate threat of huge deficit.

24. Statement: “Private Property, trespassers will be prosecuted” — A notice on a plot of land.
Assumptions:
I. The passerby may read the notice and may not trespass.
II. The people are scared of prosecution and, therefore, never trespass.

25. Statement: The government has set up a fact-finding mission to look into the possible reasons for the recent violence in the area.
Assumptions:
I. The mission may be able to come up with credible information about the incidents.
II. The people in the area may cooperate with the mission and come forward to give detailed information related to the incidents.

26. Statement: The regulatory authority has set up a review committee to find out the reasons for unstable stock prices.
Assumptions:
I. The investors may regain confidence in stock market by this decision.
II. The review committee has the expertise to find out the causes for volatility in the stock market.

27. Statement: “Get rid of your past for future, get our new generation fridge at a discount in exchange of old.” — An advertisement
Assumptions:
I. The sales of the new fridge may increase in the coming months.
II. People prefer to exchange future with past.

28. Statement: The multinational fast food chains are opening up a large number of Plus Coffee Shops with piped modem music in different cities of India and these are serving various snacks with coffee.
Assumptions:
I. A large number of persons may become regular customers of these coffee shops.
II. The people will like to enjoy the comfortable environment while drinking coffee with snacks.

29. Statement: Railway officials have started ten new trains and increased the frequency of fourteen running trains.
Assumptions:
I. The existing trains are not sufficient to provide accommodation to all passengers.
II. The new and additional trains would have sufficient passengers so that they will be economically viable.

30. Statement: The Government has decided to overhaul the structure of school fee by linking the school fee with the incomes of parents.
Assumptions:
I. Parents will furnish correct information about their incomes to schools.
II. Parents will agree to pay the fee after the overhaul of the fee structure.

31. Statement: The government has decided to pay compensation to the tune of Rs 1 lakh to the family members of those who are killed in railway accidents.
Assumptions:
I. The government has enough funds to meet the expenses due to compensation.
II. There may be reduction in incidents of railway accidents in near future.

32. Statement: The X-Airlines has temporarily suspended flights to a few destinations for the next four days due to the strike call given by the Pilots’ Association.
Assumptions:
I. The airlines may be able to restore all the flights after four days.
II. The Pilots’ Association may withdraw the strike call within four days.

33. Statement: The civic authority has appealed to the citizens to cooperate in curbing rampant power theft in the locality.
Assumptions:
I. The local citizens group may respond to the request and form groups of people to detect such cases of power theft.
II. Those who are engaged in stealing power may stop doing so for fear of social castigation.

34. Statement: The Parent Teacher Association (PTA) of a school has informed the Principal that they will not send their children to the school unless the school authority reduces the fees with immediate effect.
Assumptions:
I. Majority of the parents may agree with the PTA and may not send their wards to the school.
II. The school authority may accede to the demand of the PTA and reduce the fees.

35. Statement: ‘If you are first class graduate, our organisation is the best place for you to work.” — An advertisement
Assumptions:
I. No other organisation may require first class graduates as they may not get adequate number of applications.
II. First class graduates may get attracted and apply to this organisation.

Statement and Assumption Type 2 Example

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement, then decide which of the answers (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) is the correct answer and indicate it on the answer sheet.

1. Statement: Move into the upper echelons without paying a steep price. Book a luxurious flat with us. — Advt. of a construction company for its prestigious project
Assumptions:
I. It is possible to join the select band of rich people by hard work.
II. Staying in luxury without paying steep price is the criterion of upper crust of society.
III. Booking a luxurious flat is very easy now.
1) Only II
2) Only III
3) Only II and III
4) None
5) None of these

2. Statement: The employees’ association has appealed to the Managers of Company ‘S’ to introduce written examination for Clerical cadre recruitment to prevent selection of incompetent persons.
Assumptions:
I. So far the Company ‘S’ used to select candidates without conducting a written examination.
II. A written examination can help to identify competent persons.
III. At higher level written examination may not be of much use.
1) Only I and II
2) Only II and III
3) Only III
4) Only I and III
5) None of these

3. Statement: The simplest and most cost-effective way to upgrade your home – exchange your old furniture and get 25% to 33% off on the new furniture. — An advertisement of a furniture company
Assumptions:
I. Nowadays there is no demand for furniture product unless some attractive scheme is offered.
II. Some customers always desire to have best quality and do not bother either for cost or for convenience.
III. Some customers want to keep their home up-to-date with reasonable cost and with less hassles.
1) Only III
2) Only II
3) Only I
4) Only I and II
5) None of these

4. Statement: Tender specification will not be issued to the finns where there is 25% or more default in supplies against earlier purchase orders placed on them. — Condition of a Company ‘X’ inviting tenders for purchase of material
Assumptions:
I. The Company ‘X’ will be watching the quality of perfonnance of its suppliers.
II. This time the firms should note to keep the percentage of default as less “as possible.
III. The Company ‘X’ expects quality and professional approach from its suppliers.
1) Only I
2) Only II
3) Only III
4) Either II or III and I
5) None of these

5. Statement: Several labour and industrial courts in this state have no proper premises. Vacancies of judges and stenos are kept pending. – A statement of a retired judge of state ‘X’.
Assumptions:
I. Adequate number of staff and judges helps in smooth functioning of the industrial and labour courts.
II. The state is not bothered about the condition of the labour and industrial courts.
III. Physical facilities of an office help in increasing efficiency of its employees.
1) Only II
2) Only I and III
3) Only II and III
4) All I, II and III
5) None of these

6. Statement: “A rare opportunity to be a professional while you are at home.”— An advertisement for computer-literate housewives by a computer company
Assumptions:
I. Some housewives simultaneously desire to become professional.
II. Computer industry is growing at a fast pace.
III. It is possible to be a professional as well as a housewife.
1) Only I and II
2) Only II and III
3) Only I and III
4) Only II
5) None of these

7. Statement: India’s economic growth has come at a terrible price of increased industrial and vehicular pollution.
Assumptions:
I. Pollution is a part of industrial society.
II. Indian economic growth is based on only industrial growth.
III. A country desires economic growth with manageable side-effects.
1) Only I
2) Only II
3) Only I and III
4) Only III
5) None of these

8. Statement: Efforts to develop technologies more appropriate to the needs of the poorest sections of society need to be further intensified.
Assumptions:
I. Nothing is impossible if proper efforts are made.
II. Technology needs are different for different sections of society.
III. It is possible to develop appropriate technologies for various economic sections of the society.
1) Only I
2) Only II and I
3) Only II
4) Both II and III
5) None of these

9. Statement: “We have the distinction of being the only company in India as well as the second in the world to have won an ISO 9002 quality certification in our line of business”- Statement of company X’s Chairman.
Assumptions:
I. There were not many companies in the line of business of Company ‘X’.
II. Getting ISO 9002 in the line of business of Company ‘X’ is not easy.
III. The company ‘X’ desires to expand its business.
1) Only I
2) Only II
3) Only III
4) Only II and III
5) None of these

10. Statement: Co-operative social relationships contribute to develop individual potentialities.
Assumptions:
I. Every society desires to prosper.
II. Individuals desire to develop their potential.
III. It is possible to create and maintain co-operative environment in a society.
1) Only II and III
2) Only II and I
3) Only I and III
4) Only II
5) None of these

11. Statement: A one-day token strike was called by the employees in Government organisations to protest against privatization of profit-making Public Sector Undertakings.”
Assumptions:
I. The Government may favourably consider the views of the employees.
II. Strike is the most popular tool used by people to protest.
III. The strike may bring -pressure on the Government, forcing them to reconsider the decision.
1) Only I is implicit
2) Only II is implicit
3) Only I and III are implicit
4) All I, II and III are implicit
5) None of these

12. Statement: “Buy a variety of items from our shop and get upto 20% discount.” – An advertisement
Assumptions:
I. Many people will visit the shop to get the benefit of discount.
II. Customers may go to some other shop if the discount is not offered.
III. Offering discount is the best way to attract customers.
1) Only I is implicit
2) Only II is implicit
3) Only III is implicit
4) Only I and II are implicit
5) None of these

13. Statement: “The municipal corporation of the city is granting permission to builders for new construction of high-rise buildings in the city, despite the appeal from the environmentalists to avoid overcrowding.”
Assumptions:
I. The corporation will take care to fulfill the minimum requirements providing infrastructure in the area for the newly constructed building.
II. Corporation is expecting good earnings by way of taxes from the high-rise buildings.
III. The corporation has taken the residents of the area into confidence and assured them of no inconvenience to them due to new construction.
1) Only I is implicit
2) Only II is implicit
3) Only III is implicit
4) Only I and II are implicit
5) None of these

14. Statement: “Our school provides all facilities like school bus service, computer training, sports facilities. it also gives opportunity to participate in various extra-curricular activities apart from studies.” – An advertisement by a public school.
Assumptions:
I. Nowadays extra-curricular activities assume more importance than studies.
II. Many parents would like to send their children to the school as it provides all the facilities.
III. Overall care of the child has become the need of the time as many women are working.
1) Only I implicit
2) Only II is implicit
3) Only I and II are implicit
4) All I, II and III are implicit
5) None of these

15. Statement: “Graduates with first-class are eligible to apply for the admission to MBA courses in our Institute”. – An advertisement by a Management Institute.
Assumptions:
I. Only those who are first-class graduates can cope up with the studies for MBA courses.
II. There are plenty of first class graduates who are likely to apply for admission to MBA.
III. The reputation of the Institute may get affected it students having less than first class are admitted.
1) Only I is implicit
2) Only II is implicit
3) Only III is implicit
4) Only I and II are implicit
5) All I, II and III are implicit