Psychology MCQs

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Psychology MCQs

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MCQs on Psychology MCQs

1. If (beta) is a probability of type II error, then what is (1-beta) ?
(A) Effect-size
(B) Power
(C) Type I error
(D) Significance level

2. A major distinction between speed and power test is :
(A) Power tests have more number of items compared to a speed test
(B) Items in speed test have less difficulty level compared to power test
(C) Items in power test have less difficulty level compared to speed test
(D) Speed test has some items which will have higher difficulty level compared to power test

3. The latest version of MMPI is based on which construction procedure ?
(A) Criteria keyed procedure
(B) Factor analytical procedure
(C) Theory related procedure
(D) Projective technique procedure

4. When a line disappears at an angle behind a solid figure and reappears at the other side. This phenomenon is called as ……………………. .
(A) Muller-Lyer Illusion
(B) Poggendrof Illusion
(C) Schiffman Illusion
(D) Bend Illusion

5. Which of the following is not a neurotransmitter ?
(A) Acetylcholine
(B) Serotonin
(C) Dopamine
(D) Prolactin

6. …………….. memory is ‘as a limited capacity temporary storage system that underpins complex human thought’.
(A) Working
(B) Short-term
(C) Long-term
(D) Iconic

7. One can study a living brain using :
(1) Ablation and lesioning
(2) FMRI
(3) CT
(4) Stereotaxic procedures
Codes :
(A) (2) and (3) only
(B) (2), (3) and (4) only
(C) (1), (3) and (4) only
(D) (1), (2) (3) and (4)

8. Myelin sheaths are mostly made up of :
(A) Protein
(B) Lipids
(C) Nutritive fluid
(D) Bone

9. When a person changes his cultural identity, he/she is known as …….. .
(A) Foreigner
(B) Stranger
(C) Migrated
(D) Outsider

10. Which among the following is not a form of social influence ?
(A) Compliance
(B) Conformity
(C) Dominance
(D) Obedience

11. One of the lacuna with both Psychoanalytic and humanistic theories is that they :
(A) Lack insight into human personality
(B) Are too comprehensive
(C) Are difficult to test and have inadequate research support
(D) Assume that childhood is important in determining personality

12. Cognitive dissonance can be reduced with :
(A) Consistence in thinking
(B) Ignore conflict
(C) Consistence in behaviour
(D) Response based on experience

13. The …………….. explains the prosocial behaviour is motivated by the desire to reduce uncomfortable negative feelings of self.
(A) Empathic joy hypothesis
(B) Altruism hypothesis
(C) Empathy-Altruism hypothesis
(D) Negative state relief model

14. Sternberg distinguished among three kinds of components used in reasoning; they are :
(A) Performance, metacomponents, knowledge acquisition components
(B) Performance, metacomponents, knowledge derived components
(C) Action, cognitive, behaviour components
(D) Performance – intensive , metaphysical, knowledge acquisition components

15. Thinking or behaving in a way that is extreme opposite of unacceptable inner urges or impulses is known as :
(A) Projection
(B) Denial
(C) Reaction formation
(D) Regression

16. When development starts from head to foot along the length of the body. This direction of development is called …………………. .
(A) Proximodistal trend
(B) Cephalocaudal trend
(C) Maturation trend
(D) Dynamic trend

17. When values, beliefs, norms and traditions are shared by a large group of persons, it is known as ….. .
(A) Social Norms
(B) Cultural Norms
(C) Attitudes
(D) Behaviour

18. When children no longer view rules as fixed but see them as flexible, socially agree-on principles that can be revised to suit the will of the majority. This principle is called ………………….. .
(A) Heteronomous morality
(B) Realistic morality
(C) Autonomous morality
(D) Moral Judgment

19. Which Asana is helpful in maintaining Normal blood pressure ?
(A) Shavasana
(B) Padmasana
(C) Sheershasana
(D) Shalabhasana

20. What does the term ‘‘ontology’’ refer to ?
(A) The nature of social entities
(B) The study of cancer
(C) The study of the onto tribe
(D) The research into ontogeny

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Model Papers

21. Which of the following theorists would most agree with the belief that knowledge resides in the mind of the individual ?
(A) a behaviourist
(B) a radical constructivist
(C) a situated constructivist
(D) a socioculturist

22. In one-way ANOVA repeated measures design in three treatment conditions 15 participants participated in the experiment. What would be the degrees of freedom for the residual term ?
(A) 13
(B) 45
(C) 42
(D) 28

23. Cross validation of the test implies that :
(A) Item analysis is performed on the same sample twice
(B) Test validity is studied on a different sample
(C) Items with similar difficulty level are deleted from the test
(D) Different indices of item discrimination are compared with each other

24. The switchboard of information in the human brain, connecting cortex and subcortical areas is :
(A) Pons
(B) Hippocampus
(C) Basal ganglia
(D) Thalamus

25. Norman and Shallice SAS theory stands for :
(A) Superficial Attention State
(B) Supervisory Attentional System
(C) Scheduling Action Schemata
(D) Schemata Action System

26. In Sander’s Model of Energetic Mechanism, which three sequential different energetical mechanism he proposed :
(A) Arousal–Activation–Effort
(B) Effort–Activation–Arousal
(C) Activation–Arousal–Effort
(D) Arousal–Effort–Activation

27. Collectivistically oriented groups show :
(A) Higher preference to abide by norms and social traditions
(B) Prefer formal modes of dispute regulation
(C) More emphasis on individual rights and freedom
(D) Presumed individualistic orientation

28. ………………. is the idea that the characteristic of a person or group are significantly influenced by biological factors and are therefore largely similar in all human cultures and historical period.
(A) Metaphysical essentialism
(B) Essentialism
(C) Psychological essentialism
(D) Classical essentialism

29. Compared to speed test, a distinguishing feature of power test is ………………. .
(A) Overall difficulty level of the test is very high
(B) Test takers are penalized for wrong answers
(C) Number of test items are more than the speed test
(D) Reverse scoring procedure is used in calculating the final score

30. The calculation of mental age basically involves :
(A) Procedure and logic of developmental norms
(B) Procedure and logic of within group norms
(C) Comparison of gradewise performance variation
(D) Comparison of gender differences on an item in a test

31. Resting membrane potential is :
(A) 70 mV
(B) 85 mV
(C) –70 mV
(D) –85 mV

32. According to Yerkes-Dodson law ………………. is an inverted U-shaped function of arousal, with the optimal ……………….. level being lower the more difficult tasks.
(A) Motivation; arousal
(B) Performance; vigilance
(C) Arousal; performance
(D) Performance; arousal

33. In the Wason selection task for propositional reasoning, ‘participants develop a general idea of the rule, then construct examples that follow the rule’ is referred to as :
(A) Confirmation bias
(B) Representativeness bias
(C) Construction bias
(D) Mental fixation bias

34. Which among the following is not a viewpoint of Festinger’s theory of interpersonal attraction?
(I) People compare their abilities and beliefs with others.
(II) People organize their likes and dislikes in a symmetrical way.
(III) People believe the only way to evaluate the accuracy of your view in normality.
Codes :
(A) Only (I)
(B) Only (II)
(C) Only (III)
(D) Both (I) and (III)

35. Which of the following is correct alternative for the ‘‘Assertion and Reasoning” statements?
Assertion (A): Goal setting is most successful when people receive feedback on their progress.
Reason (R) : When people are truly and deeply committed to reaching them.
Codes :
(A) (A) and (R) both are true and (R) is the correct explanation for (A)
(B) (A) and (R) both are true but (R) is not the correct explanation for (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

36. How many disabilities are represented in RPWD Act?
(A) 9
(B) 13
(C) 17
(D) 21

37. Flashbacks are experienced typically by patients who have abused this drug :
(A) Nicotine
(B) Caffeine
(C) Alcohol

38. …………………… is the study of nature of knowledge, justification and rationality of belief.
(A) Etymology
(B) Epistemology
(C) Pragmatism
(D) Philosophy

39. “Norms are the average performance of standardized sample”. This statement is true for which type of tests?
(I) Personality test
(II) Aptitude test
(III) Achievement test
Codes :
(A) (I) only
(B) (II) only
(C) (II) and (III) only
(D) (I), (II) and (III)

40. Which among the following is the chief inhibiting neurotransmitter?
(B) Glutamate
(C) Noradrenaline
(D) Dopamine

41. The results are not depending on the sensitivity of the observer alone, but also on the decision criteria used by the subject. This is a key assumption of ………………….. method/model.
(A) Method of Error
(B) Fast-Guess model
(C) Deadline model
(D) Signal detection method

42. Which of the following is not true of Divergent thinking (DT)?
(A) DT test scores have often failed to correlate with plausible indices of creative achievement and behavior
(B) Binet’s measures like “Sentence Invention” and “Ink Blots” are examples of DT tests
(C) DT has failed to predict creativity
(D) Wallach and Kogan developed DT tests

43. According to Adler, first borns, compared to later borns, are usually :
(A) More rebellious and impulsive
(B) Less open to new experiences
(C) More self-conscious
(D) Less successful

44. The well known Stanford prison experiment was done by …………….. .
(A) Kurt Lewin
(B) Norman Triplett
(C) Leon Festinger
(D) Philip Zimbardo

45. ………………….. factors/variables influence the eye witness identification in conditions where the event was actually witnessed.
(A) System
(B) Confounding
(C) Estimator
(D) Misleading

46. Agnosia is an inability to :
(A) Remember words
(B) Recognize objects
(C) Localize sound
(D) Maintain balance

47. Which of the following statement/s is/are true about the item analysis?
(I) It involves qualitative analysis of test items
(II) It improves the validity of the test.
Codes :
(A) (I) only
(B) (II) only
(C) Both (I) and (II)
(D) Neither (I) nor (II)

48. Neurofibrillary tangles and plaques are seen in brain scans of patients with :
(A) Traumatic brain injury
(B) Temporal lobe epilepsy
(C) Alzheimer’s disease
(D) Meningitis

49. When both horizontal lines are of the same length and have the same visual angle, but on the top appear longer. What is this illusion called?
(A) Muller-Lyer illusion
(B) Ponzo illusion
(C) Visual illusion
(D) Depth illusion

50. According to ……………… law reaction time in task is linearly related to the amount of information transmitted.
(A) Donders
(B) Hick-Hyman
(C) Posner-Mitchell
(D) Matters-Millers