Statement and Arguments Questions Answers Analytical Logical Reasoning

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Statement and Arguments Questions Answers

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Statement and Arguments Model Question

Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “Strong” arguments and “Weak” arguments in so far as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are-both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments a strong argument is and which a weak argument is.
Give answer (1) if only argument I is strong.
Give answer (2) if only argument II is strong.
Give answer (3) if either I or II is strong.
Give answer (4) if neither I nor II is strong and
Give answer (5) if both I and II are strong.

1. Statement: Should getting primary education be incorporated as a fundamental tight in India?
Arguments:
I. No, what is the use? Have we fulfilled our duties regarding other fundamental rights?
II. Yes, this is what all the developed countries have done.

2. Statement: Should scheme of lotteries be completely stopped in India?
Arguments:
I. No, many state governments will have to stop some of their developmental activities which they fund from surplus generated by their lottery scheme.
II. No, many unemployed youth who sell lottery tickets to earn their livelihood will face hardship.

3. Statement: Should dependents of India’s freedom 2 fighters be given benefits of reservation in jobs?
Arguments:
I. Yes. We should keep the dependents happy as the freedom fighters have fought for a noble cause.
II. No. We already have too many reservations; let us not add to it.

4. Statement: With the opening of the economy in India, should all workers unions be banned?
Arguments:
I. No, workers unions are not banned in the other economically advanced countries.
II. No, a level-headed worker’s union can really do wonders both for workers and economy.

5. Statement: Should we grant permission to reputed private companies to construct civil airports for general use in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, why not? It would be both economical and effective.
II. No, it may pose danger to security and safety of India.

6. Statement: Should all those who have come in contact with the patients suffering from the dreaded infectious respiratory disease be quarantined in their house?
Arguments:
I. No, nobody should be quarantined unless they are tested and found to be infected by the virus causing the disease.
II. Yes, this is the only way to control the spread of the dreaded disease.

7. Statement: Should there be only one rate of interest for term deposits of varying durations in banks?
Arguments:
I. No, people will refrain from keeping money for longer duration resulting into reduction of liquidity level of banks.
II. Yes, this will be much simple for the common people and they may be encouraged to keep more money in banks.

8. Statement: Should there be a cap on maximum number of contestants for parliamentary elections in any constituency?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will make the parliamentary elections more meaningful as the voters can make a considered judgement for casting their vote.
II. No, in a democracy any person fulfilling the eligibility criteria can contest parliamentary elections and there should be no such restrictions.

9. Statement: Should all those who are found guilty of committing homicide or abetting homicide be either given capital punishment or kept in jail for the entire life?
Arguments:
I. Yes, only such severe punishments will make people refrain from committing such heinous acts and the society will be safer.
II. No, those who are repentant for the crime they committed should be given a chance to lead a normal life outside the jail.

10. Statement: Should there be a restriction on the migration of people from one state to another in India?
Arguments:
I. No, any Indian citizen has a basic right to stay at any place of their choice and hence they cannot be stopped.
II. Yes, this is the way to effect an equitable distribution of resources across the states in India.

11. Statement: Should the public sector undertakings be allowed to adopt hire-and-fire policy?
Arguments:
I. Yes. This will help the public sector undertakings to get rid of non-performing employees and will also help to reward the performing employees.
II. No, the management may not be able to implement the policy in an unbiased manner and the employees will suffer due to the high-handedness of the management.

12. Statement: Should India carry out fresh tests of nuclear weapons?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will send a stern message to the whole world that India is serious to defend herself by any means from aggression.
II. No, the international community will isolate India and this will bring a setback to Indian economy.

13. Statement: Should there be more than one High Court in each State in India?
Arguments:
I. No, this will be a sheer wastage of tax payers’ money.
II. Yes, this will help reduce the backlog of cases pending for a very long time.

14. Statement: Should all the rivers of India be brought under Central Water Commission?
Arguments:
I. Yes, it will ensure equal distribution of water to the States.
II. No, because it will be contrary to the geographical conditions in the States.

15. Statement: Should the government open more medical colleges in the country?
Arguments:
I. No, because the Government should ensure quality education in the existing Medical colleges as majority of the colleges lack necessary infrastructure.
II. Yes, because there is urgent need of qualified doctors and the ratio between doctors and citizens is the lowest in India.

16. Statement: Should government established higher level Institutes of Technology (IITs) be privatised?
Arguments:
I. Yes, privatisation will make these institutes financially healthy, competitive and quality conscious.
II. Yes, privatisation is the key of the new era can we survive without it?

17. Statement: Should vacations of court judges be reduced?
Arguments:
I. Yes, it will speed up judicial process and many people are likely to get justice in reasonable time.
II. Yes, it is a sign of British legacy, Why should we carry it further?

18. Statement: Should the practice of transfers of clerical cadre employees from one city to another government office be stopped?
Arguments:
I. No, transfer of employees is a routine administrative matter and we must continue it.
II. Yes, it involves lot of governmental expenditure and inconvenience to many compared to the benefits it yields.

19. Statement: Should higher qualification be the only criteria for internal promotions in any organisation?
Arguments:
I. Yes, Why not? In fact only higher qualification is more important than other factors.
II. No, quality of performance and other factors are more important than mere higher qualification in case of internal promotion.

20. Statement: Should Indian scientists working abroad be called back to India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, they must serve the motherland first and forget about discoveries, honours, facilities and all.
II. No, we have enough talent, let them stay where they want.

21. Statement: Should the school teachers be necessarily involved in the census activities?
Arguments:
I. No, this will adversely affect the quality of teaching programme.
II. Yes, the teachers are the best fit for this job.

22. Should India engage into a dialogue with neighbouring countries to stop cross-border terrorism?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to reduce cross-border terrorism and stop loss of innocent lives.
II. No, neighbouring countries cannot be relied upon in such matters; they may still engage in subversive activities.

23. Statement: Should all the utility services be immediately brought under essential services to avoid frequent agitation and strikes by the employees?
Arguments:
I. No, otherwise how the employees may voice their grievances and demands?
II. Yes, the employees are becoming more and more greedy and they take the general public for ride by striking work.

24. Statement: Should all the unauthorised structures in the city be immediately demolished?
Arguments:
I. No, where will the people residing in such houses live?
II. Yes, this will give a clear message to general public and they will refrain from constructing unauthorised buildings.

25. Statement: Should the railways in India be privatised in a phased manner like other public sector enterprises?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to bring in competitiveness and provide better service to the public.
II. No, this will pose a threat to national security of our country as multinationals will enter into the fray.

26. Statement: Should the tenure of the President be longer?
Arguments:
I. No. The President of India is non-executive head. Therefore, there is no need to extend his tenure.
II. Yes. It will provide an opportunity to the President to guide the Government to fulfill the long term objectives.

27. Statement: Should there be concentration of foreign investment in only a few States?
Arguments:
I. No. It is against the policy of the overall development of the country.
II. Yes. Because a larger number of States lack infrastructure to attract foreign investment.

28. Statement: Should there be a complete ban on opening up of new management educational institutions?
Arguments:
I. Yes. There are more institutions than required and there is no need to open up new institutions.
II. No. We need more professional managers in coming days because the future scenario will be very competitive.

29. Statement: Should private organisations be allowed to carry on security-related research activities?
Arguments:
I. No. Private organisations are easily vulnerable to our enemies and therefore should not be permitted to carry on such researches.
II. Yes. The Government does not have sufficient resources to carry on such researches and the private organisations would manage necessary resources.

30. Statement: Should there be recruitment in banks on the basis of past academic performances rather than through competitive examinations?
Arguments:
I. Yes, it will be beneficial for those candidates who are unable to bear the expenses of competitive examinations.
II. No. The past academic performance cannot be made the basis of recruitment because there is no uniformity in the assessment by the universities.

31. Statement: Should all beggars on the roads in the big cities in India be forcibly sent to villages?
Arguments:
I. No, this is grossly unfair and these people may die of hunger if they are sent to villages.
II. Yes, these people create a bad impression of our country in the eyes of the foreigners who visit our country and hence should be removed.

32. Statement: Should all the criminals convicted for committing murder be awarded capital punishment?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will be a significant step towards reducing cases of murder in future.
II. No, nobody has the right to take any person’s life irrespective of the acts of such individuals.

33. Statement: Should all the professional colleges in India be encouraged to run their own courses without affiliation to any university?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is only way to create more opportunities for those who seek professional training.
II. No, this will dilute the quality of professional training as all such colleges may not be equipped to conduct such courses.

34. Statement: Should there be a maximum ceiling imposed on the earnings of an individual in an organisation?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will help equitable distribution of earnings to all the employees.
II. No, the organization should have free hand to decide the pay packets of its employees.

35. Statement: Should there be a compulsory military training for each college student in India?
Arguments:
I. No, this goes against the basic democratic right of an individual to choose his/her own programs.
II. Yes, this is the only way to build a strong and powerful nation.

36. Statement: Should one close relative of a retiring government employee be given a job in government in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, where else will the relative get a job like this?
II. No, it will close doors of government service to competent and needy youth.

37. Statement: Should purchase of gold by individuals be restricted in India to improve its foreign exchange position?
Arguments:
I. Yes, interference on customers’ right and freedom is desirable.
II. No, business interest has to be guarded first.

38. Statement: Should teaching of ‘Sanskrit’ be made compulsory at school level in India?
Arguments:
I. No, where are the trained teachers to teach this language?
II. Yes, we should be proud of our ancient language.

39. Statement: Should all education be made free for girls and women of all ages in India?
Arguments:
I. No this will weaken our present social structure.
II. Yes- this is the only way to bring back glory to Indian womanhood.

40. Statement: Should private colleges offering professional courses like Engineering, Medical, management be banned in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, such courses should be run by Government Colleges only.
II. Yes, no other country allows private colleges to run professional courses.

41. Statement: Should ‘computer knowledge’ be made a compulsory subject for all students at secondary school certificate (S.S.C.) examination in India?
Arguments:
I. No, our need is ‘bread’ for everyone, we cannot follow western models.
II. Yes, we cannot enter the year 2020 without equipping our children with computers.

42. Statement: Should ‘literacy’ be the minimum criterion for becoming a voter in India?
Arguments:
I. No, mere literacy is no guarantee of political maturity of an individual.
II. Yes, illiterate people are less likely to make politically wiser decision of voting for a right candidate or party.

43. Statement: Should schemes of voluntary retirement be introduced in all sick public sector units in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, excess and inefficient staff is one of the reasons of sickness of public sector organisations.
II. Yes, this is what private and multinational companies do in developed countries.

44. Statement: Should postal services be privatised in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, it will make life easy for the citizens of India.
II. No, privatisation is not a panacea for all the problems, even private service can be equally bad.

45. Statement: Should system of offering jobs only to wards of government employees be introduced in all governments offices in India?
Arguments:
I. No, it denies opportunity to many deserving individuals and government may stand to loose in the long run.
II. No, it is against the principle of equality and does government not owe responsibility to all its citizens?

46. Statement: Should slum-dwellers be provided free houses in big cities and metropolises?
Arguments:
I. No, most of the slum dwellers are poor and illiterate.
II. Yes, providing food and shelter to every citizen is the responsibility of any welfare state.

47. Statement: Should polythene bags be banned in India?
Arguments:
I. No, the polythene bags are very cheap and are very convenient.
II. Yes, that is what many countries are doing.

48. Statement: Should military service for short duration be made compulsory to all eligible youth in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, Indian defence forces are badly in need of jawans and officers.