Political Science MCQ

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Political Science MCQ

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MCQ on Political Science

1. Give the correct answer by using the codes given below:
Assertion (A): Most liberal democracies respect the principle of equal liberty – at least in the context of political, legal and social rights of all citizens.
Reason (R): However, the doctrine of equal liberty is bedevilled by problems about how freedom is defined.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

2. Political equality is best guaranteed in a:
(A) Plutocratic state
(B) Fascist state
(C) Totalitarian state
(D) Democratic state

3. ‘Liberalism’ as a developed ideology was a product of:
(A) Breakdown of feudalism
(B) Weakened monarchy
(C) Weakened Church
(D) Growing industrialization

4. Which one of the following ideologies is premised on the belief that established features of society have crumbled and its political doctrines have become irrelevant?
(A) Modernism
(B) Postmodernism
(C) Marxism
(D) Foundationalism

5. Which one of the following is a central feature of liberal feminism?
(A) Sisterhood
(B) The personal is political
(C) Transforming private realm
(D) Access to private realm

6. Who have found three-dimensional conception of power particularly attractive?
(A) Fascists
(B) Conservatives
(C) Marxists and postmodernists
(D) Liberals

7. Who among the following has offered a three-dimensional conceptions of power?
(A) Brian Barry
(B) Peter Bachrach and M.S. Baraty
(C) J. Gaventa
(D) Steven Lukes

8. In which type of democracy, the people are considered as an end and state as the means?
(A) Liberal
(B) Pluralist
(C) Elitist
(D) Socialist

9. Who is known as the father of liberal political philosophy?
(A) Thomas Hobbes
(B) James Bodin
(C) John Locke
(D) Rousseau

10. According to Marx, the class distinctions in society are based on:
(A) Religion
(B) Hostile interests
(C) Family status
(D) Social status

11. Rawls concept of justice is based on ………………………. .
(A) Distributive principle
(B) Agreement principle
(C) Difference principle
(D) Joint method principle

12. Who from among the following believed that ‘negative liberty is superior to positive liberty?
(A) J. S. Mill
(B) Isaiah Berlin
(C) T. H. Green
(D) Ernest Barker

13. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
(A) Pareto – The concept of residue
(B) Michels – The concept of mass mind
(C) Mills – The concept of political formula
(D) Gasset – The theory of the masses

14. Which philosopher believes the state of nature was a ‘‘War of all against all’?
(A) Rousseau
(B) Locke
(C) Rawls
(D) Hobbes

15. The idea of two concepts of liberty was putforth by:
(A) John Stuart Mill
(B) Isaiah Berlin
(C) Harold Laski
(D) John Locke

16. The concept of ‘forced to be free’ was first enunciated by:
(A) Thomas Hobbes
(B) John Locke
(C) Jean Jacques Rousseau
(D) Georg W. F. Hegel

17. What is Mill’s main objection to the silencing, or suppression, of an opinion?
(A) The opinion might be true
(B) There is a high probability that the opinion is true
(C) The person whose opinion is suppressed is harmed
(D) A competition of opinion is good for humanity

18. What is Rawls’ original position?
(A) A primitive cultural condition
(B) An experimental set-up used by psychologists
(C) A historical event at which people agreed to form a state
(D) A hypothetical situation–a thought-experiment

19. The book ‘Who were the Shudras’ was written by:
(A) Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
(B) M. K. Gandhi
(C) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
(D) V. D. Savarkar

20. The book ‘Religion of Man’, published in 1931 was written by:
(A) Sri Aurobindo
(B) Swami Vivekananda
(C) M. K. Gandhi
(D) B. R. Ambedkar

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21. Which of the following statements are incorrect? Choose your answer from the codes given below:
(a) Sri Aurobindo was a liberal thinker
(b) M. N. Roy enunciated Radical Humanism
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru was a crusader against imperialism
(d) J. P. Narayan promoted Marxist revolution
(A) (a), (b), (c)
(B) (a), (d)
(C) (b), (c)
(D) (a), (b), (d)

22. Swami Vivekananda’s famous speech at the Parliament of World Religions in Chicago was given in which year?
(A) 1893
(B) 1890
(C) 1891
(D) 1892

23. Which of the following are not the books written by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar? Choose your answer using the codes given below:
(a) Slavery
(b) The Life Divine
(c) Hind Swaraj
(d) Annihilation of Castes
(A) (a), (b), (c)
(B) (a), (c), (d)
(C) (b), (c), (d)
(D) (a), (b), (d)

24. Select the incorrect statement from the following statements:
(A) Muhammad Iqbal supported ‘Two Nation Theory’
(B) Dr. Ambedkar chaired the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly
(C) Deendayal Upadhyaya was the founder member of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)
(D) M. K. Gandhi wrote the book ‘Hind Swaraj’

25. Who among the following started ‘Self-Respect Movement’?
(A) Swami Vivekananda
(B) B. R. Ambedkar
(C) Periyar E. V. Ramsamy
(D) Ram Manohar Lohiya

26. Arrange the following works of Sri Aurobindo in chronological order. Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(1) The Mother
(2) The Life Divine
(3) Essays on Gita
(4) Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol
(A) (4), (2), (1), (3)
(B) (3), (1), (4), (2)
(C) (2), (3), (1), (4)
(D) (1), (2), (3), (4)

27. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(A) Pakistan under Zia-Ul-Haq is an example of military dictatorship
(B) Myanmar is an example of democratic state
(C) Germany under Hitler is an example of Fascist state
(D) Cuba is an example of Totalitarianism

28. According to World system theory, what is the relationship between core and periphery?
(A) Exploiter and Exploited
(B) Rulers and Ruled
(C) State and Citizens
(D) Imperialists and colony

29. Who wrote the book, ‘Politics and Stages of Growth’?
(A) Walt W. Rostow
(B) David Apter
(C) Gabriel Almond
(D) Joseph Schumpeter

30. Which among the following is not mentioned in the five stages of growth mentioned by W. Rostow?
(A) Traditional Society
(B) Take-off state
(C) High mass consumption
(D) Technological advancement

31. Who classified political culture in three: Parochial, Subject, participatory?
(A) S. M. Lipset
(B) Gabriel Almond and Verba
(C) Robert McIver
(D) Edward Tylor

32. Given below are the two statements, One is Assertion (A) and the other is Reason (R):
Assertion (A): In recent years welfare state is gradually diminishing.
Reason (R): Due to globalization the sovereignty of states is at stake. In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect
(C) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect
(D) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

33. Which among the following can be subject matter according to Institutional approach to comparative political analysis?
(A) British Parliament and Indian Parliament
(B) Indian and Swiss Constitution
(C) American and Canadian Political culture
(D) Democratic and Totalitarian leadership

34. Which of the following statement/s is/are not correct description of ‘Theory of Peace’?
(i) It shifts the focus of international relations away from the interstate level of analysis
(ii) It leads to a broad conception of social relations at individual, domestic and global levels of analysis
(iii) It seeks to deconstruct the narratives of states, international systems and other actors in international politics
(iv) It connects study of war and peace with economic inequality, with gender relations, with cross-cultural understanding
(A) Only (iii)
(B) (ii) and (iv)
(C) Only (ii)
(D) (i), (iii) and (iv)

35. ‘The clash of civilizations’ and ‘New World Order’ predict an ideological shift in the Post-cold war period from:
(A) Political ideology to economic liberalism
(B) Geopolitics to geo-economics
(C) Nation-state to the civilization area
(D) Political ideology to culture and religion

36. Assertion (A): Classical Realism argues that conflict among nations in inevitable.
Reason (R): Classical Realism believes that balance of power can secure peace.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect
(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct, and (R) is the cause of (A)
(C) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the cause of (A)
(D) (R) is correct but (A) is incorrect

37. Assertion (A): Modern technology enhances the importance of war and threats of war.
Reason (R): War no longer is just a contest of strength. It is more a contest of nerve and risk taking.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true

38. Chronologically arrange the following treaties in the correct ascending order:
(i) The Charter of the UN
(ii) The Treaty of Westphalia
(iii) Treaty of Utrecht
(iv) Treaty of Paris
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(A) (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)
(B) (iii), (iv), (i), (ii)
(C) (ii), (iii), (iv), (i)
(D) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)

39. Buffer state refers to:
(A) A state situated in the middle of an island
(B) A state located between two powerful enemies, which acts as a cushion in case of escalating tension
(C) A state which is bound by a treaty to act as a close ally of a powerful country
(D) A state strategically located on a mountain, giving it an upper hand during war

40. Which of the following statements are not true?
(1) Security dilemma is an important paradox of the state system
(2) Arms race increases insecurity of states
(3) Arms control is a solution
(4) Standing armies contribute to security of all
(A) (1), (2) and (4)
(B) (1) and (3)
(C) (3) and (4)
(D) (1) and (4)

41. Which of the following is not a non-traditional security threat?
(A) Arms Race
(B) Melting of ice caps on mountains
(C) Starvation and malnutrition
(D) Trafficking of humans

42. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) The UNCLOS upholds the idea of the Freedom of the Seas
(B) The UNCLOS sets the limit of Territorial waters at 20 nautical miles from the baseline
(C) The UNCLOS sets the limit of the Exclusive Economic Zone at 200 nautical miles from the baseline
(D) The UNCLOS sets the limit of the contiguous zone at 15 nautical miles from the baseline

43. Which of the following is not an instrument of peaceful resolution of disputes?
(A) Mediation
(B) Sanctions
(C) Adjudication
(D) Good offices

44. ‘‘Prisoner’s Dilemma’’ is an idea associated with:
(A) Game theory
(B) Systems theory
(C) Decision-making theory
(D) Peace theory

45. Who elects the judges of the International Court of Justice?
(A) UN General Assembly
(B) UN General Assembly and UN Security Council
(C) UN Security Council
(D) UN Security Council and Economic and Social Council

46. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) India has not signed the Trade Related Investment Measures Treaty
(B) India was not an original member of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
(C) India has not signed the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Treaty
(D) India’s Intellectual Property Regime is TRIPS-Complaint

47. During which of the following years did India NOT borrow loan from the International Monetary Fund?
(A) 1961 – during Second Five Year Plan
(B) 1981 – after the return of Mrs. Gandhi to Power
(C) 1991 – by pledging the national gold reserves
(D) 2007 – during the worldwide financial crisis

48. Which of the following is the most correct description of geographical priorities of Modi Government’s foreign policy?
(A) US, Latin America, Europe
(B) Neighbourhood, Extended Neighbourhood, Indo-Pacific
(C) Latin America, Southern Africa, Central Asia
(D) Indo-Pacific, Western Africa, Western Europe

49. The SAARC Motor Vehicle Agreement was proposed in November, 2014; but could not be accepted due to objections from Pakistan. Subsequently, the same agreement was accepted in June, 2015 by four SAARC member countries under another name. Which were these countries?
(A) Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal
(B) Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka
(C) Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal
(D) Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka

50. Which of the following are the elements of the Gujral Doctrine? Answer using the key given below:
(a) Principle of non-reciprocity
(b) Peaceful resolution of bilateral disputes
(c) Non-use of nuclear weapons against South Asian neighbours
(d) Promoting trade within South Asia
(A) (a) and (c)
(B) (b) and (d)
(C) (a) and (d)
(D) (a) and (b)