Anthropology MCQ Questions and Answers

1. Given below are the two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R). Indicate the correct code from the alternative below:
Assertion (A): Morris Opler, Oscar Lewis and David Mandelbaum did fieldwork in India.
Reason (R): They were the pioneers in village studies in India.
(A) (A) is incorrect, and (R) is correct
(B) (A) is correct, and (R) is incorrect
(C) Both (A) and (R) are correct
(D) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect

2. Which one of the following is not a typical characteristic feature of prosimians?
(A) Incomplete eye orbits
(B) Laterally directed eyes
(C) Small body size
(D) Mostly diurnal

3. Identify the correct sequence formulated by D. N. Majumdar while categorizing the development of Social Anthropology in India.
(A) Observatory, Verifying, Generalisation
(B) Formative, Constructive, Analytical
(C) Primary, Secondary, Developed
(D) Formulatory, Constructive, Critical

4. KARST geomorphology is associated with the study of
(A) moraine deposits
(B) sea level changes
(C) cave sediments
(D) terrace

5. Which of the followings is not a part of New Archaeology?
(A) Archaeology as a cultural process
(B) Ethnoarchaeology
(C) Archaeology as Anthropology
(D) Culture History

6. Which of the following evidences characterize the Harppan culture?
(a) Seals
(b) Fire altars
(c) Coins
(d) Terracottas
(A) (a) and (b) are correct
(B) (b) and (c) are correct
(C) (c) and (d) are correct
(D) (a), (b) and (d) are correct

7. The kinship usage related to a special role played by father’s sister in the life of her nephew and niece is called
(A) Amitate
(B) Lavorate
(C) Avunculate
(D) Couvade

8. Given below are the two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R). Indicate the correct answer from the codes below:
Assertion (A): In sickle cell anaemia glutamic acid in the β chain is replaced by valine.
Reason (R): Sickle cell haemoglobin is caused by point mutation.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect
(C) (A) is incorrect, but (R) is correct
(D) Both (A) and (R) are correct, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

9. R. R. Marett profounded the concept of power as
(A) Animatism
(B) Animism
(C) Manaism
(D) Super naturalism

10. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
(A) A chart depicting genetic relationship and transmission of inherited traits — Genealogy
(B) Genetic drift — Founder effect
(C) Macroevolution — Speciation
(D) Sickle Cell — Natural Selection

11. The classic work on religion by J. Frazer is
(A) Coral Gardens and their Magic
(B) The Golden Bough
(C) The Elements of Religion
(D) None of the above

12. The growth curve of which of the following parts and tissues of the body reaches its maximum before adolescence?
(A) Brain and head
(B) Reproductive organs
(C) Muscle
(D) Lymphoid

13. Tertiary period includes
(A) Miocene and Pliocene only
(B) Oligocene and Palaeocene only
(C) Pliocene, Miocene, Oligocene, Eocene and Palaeocene
(D) Eocene and Miocene

14. ‘The Sacred Complex of Hindu Gaya’ was written by
(A) J. H. Hutton
(B) B. K. Roy Burman
(C) M. Marriot
(D) L. P. Vidyarthi

15. ‘––––’ results in mental and growth retardation in human due to iodine deficiency in the mother during pregnancy.
(A) Albinism
(B) G6PD deficiency
(C) Cretinism
(D) Alkaptonuria

16. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
(A) Bone tools – Homo habilis
(B) Preceramic and Ceramic Neolithic – Mehrgarh
(C) Mousterian Culture – Homo erectus
(D) Interglacial – Miocene

17. Given below are the two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R). Indicate the correct answer from the following codes:
Assertion (A): Cultural Anthropologists must not only be trained in appropriate research and analytical techniques, but also abide the ethical guidelines of the discipline.
Reason (R): Cultural Anthropologists should not divulge their aims of the research to the study population.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct
(B) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect
(C) (A) is correct and (R) is incorrect
(D) (A) is incorrect and (R) is correct

18. The study of sounds in linguistic is known as
(A) Dialectical
(B) Idiolectical
(C) Literal
(D) Phonology

19. Which among the following is not a racial type as proposed by B.S. Guha (1937)?
(A) Negrito
(B) Mongoloid
(C) Indo Aryan
(D) Nordic

20. The Harappan site located in Haryana is
(A) Kalibangan
(B) Mitathal
(C) Kotdiji
(D) Lothal

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21. The Santal kinship terminology is _____ type.
(A) terms of reference
(B) descriptive
(C) classificatory
(D) terms of address

22. A researcher derives to examine the variations in height of children aged 3-10 years of a population. What type of sampling technique will the researcher adopt to get the precise estimate of the height variations?
(A) Simple random sampling
(B) Stratified random sampling
(C) Purposive sampling
(D) Systematic random sampling

23. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
(A) Burin technology — Middle Palaeolithic Culture
(B) Natufia — Mesolithic
(C) Barbed Harpoon — Lower Palaeolithic
(D) Mindel Glacial — Eocene

24. Given below are the two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R). Indicate you answer using the codes below:
Assertion (A): Sedentary life is regarded as an essential characteristic feature of Neolithic culture.
Reason (R): Domestication of plants and animals facilitated the sedentary life.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect
(B) (A) is incorrect, but (R) is correct
(C) Both (A) and (R) are correct
(D) (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect

25. Externalise social controls designed to encourage conformity to social norms are known as
(A) Sanctions
(B) Norms
(C) Values
(D) customs

26. The chromosomal aberration related to ‘5p–’ is referred to as
(A) Philadelphia syndrome
(B) Cri-du-cat syndrome
(C) Down’s syndrome
(D) Jacobsen syndrome

27. Which among the following options provide the correct distribution of ‘Copper Hoards’ in India?
(A) Rajasthan and Haryana
(B) Chotanagpur Plateau and the Balaghat area
(C) Deccan
(D) South India

28. The spread of customs or practices from one culture to another is called
(A) Culture loss
(B) Migration
(C) Diffusion
(D) All of the above

29. Anagenesis is an evolutionary pattern defined by
(A) a gradual change in a species relating to two or more lineages and resulting in sister species
(B) a gradual change that occurs in a species without the need of splitting
(C) a gradual change in a species loading to the formation of many subspecies
(D) a punctuated change that leads the formation of a new species

30. Iron technology helped in the emergence of second urbanisation in India by facilitating
(A) clearance of forest
(B) intensification of agriculture
(C) both (A) and (B)
(D) none of the above

31. The dental formula of Aegyptopithecus is
(A) 1 : 3 : 2 : 3
(B) 2 : 1 : 3 : 3
(C) 2 : 1 : 2 : 3
(D) 2 : 2 : 2 : 3

32. The revitalisation movement that tries to reconstitute a destroyed but not forgotten way of life is called
(A) Nativistic movement
(B) Tribal movement
(C) Community movement
(D) Caste movement

33. Which among the following is the correct pottery sequence in terms of their appearnce?
(A) Red-slipped Ware, Painted Grey Ware, Black-and-Red Ware, Northern Black Polished Ware
(B) Red-slipped Ware, Black-and-Red Ware, Painted Grey Ware, Northern Black Polished Ware
(C) Black-and-Red Ware, Red-slipped Ware, Northern Black Polished Ware, Painted Grey Ware
(D) Northern Black Polished Ware, Red-slipped Ware, Painted Grey Ware, Black-and-Red Ware.

34. In acculturation, the blending of indigenous and foreign traits to form a new system is called
(A) Melting pot
(B) Syncretism
(C) Multiplisation
(D) None of the above

35. A particular type of mutation causes the change of a single base pair substitution of a different amino acid in the resulting protein. This substitution may have no effect, or it may render the protein non functional. Such a mutation is called ________.
(A) Synonymous mutation
(B) Missense mutation
(C) Frameshift mutation
(D) None of the above

36. The evidence of trade between Harappan and Mesopotamian civilization are
(A) seals and etched beads
(B) seals and pottery
(C) etched beads and pottery
(D) none of the above

37. Group of persons initiated into age grades at the same time and who move through a series of categories together is called
(A) Age sets
(B) Age grade
(C) Division of labour
(D) All of the above

38. The total number of chromosomes present in Chimpanzee is
(A) 46
(B) 47
(C) 48
(D) 49

39. The script used in Sumerian Civilization is known as
(A) Cuneiform
(B) Heiroglyphics
(C) Pictographic
(D) Phonetic

40. Marriage outside the group is called
(A) Endogamy
(B) Out caste
(C) Exogamy
(D) None of the above

41. Based on Y chromosome and mt DNA markers, who suggested that peopling in the New World probably started with a single wave migration possibly originating from Mongolia?
(A) R. Cann and M. Stoneking
(B) C. Stringer
(C) G. Brauer
(D) A. Merriwether

42. Tasting ability of PTC is a/an
(A) sex-limited trait
(B) autosomal dominant trait
(C) autosomal recessive trait
(D) sex-linked trait

43. In Heath-Carter somatotype rating, which of the following skinfold measurements is NOT considered?
(A) Triceps
(B) Biceps
(C) Subscapular
(D) Supraspinale

44. Brachiation leads to the elongation of
(A) hind limbs
(B) fore limbs
(C) body size
(D) tail length

45. Suppose a researcher wishes to compare the mean ages at marriage of four ethnic groups. Which of the following statistical tests should a researcher apply?
(A) ‘t’ test
(D) Chi square

46. Which one of the following is a parametric test?
(A) Wilcoxian signed Rank test
(B) Mann Whitney U test
(C) Fisher’s exact test
(D) ‘t’ test

47. Which of the following characteristics does not apply to the definition of Primates?
(A) tactile pads
(B) unguiculate
(C) claviculate
(D) opposability of thumb/great toe

48. A model of macroevolutionary change whereby changes occur at a slow and steady rate over time is known as
(A) Gradualism
(B) Punctuated equilibrium
(C) Adaptive radiation
(D) Genetic drift

49. In which of the cases of marriage, the effect of inbreeding is likely to be maximum?
(A) Uncle-niece
(B) First cousin
(C) Second cousin
(D) Brother-sister

50. Edward syndrome is caused by an abnormal chromosomal condition known as
(A) Trisomy 13
(B) Trisomy 16
(C) Trisomy 18
(D) Trisomy 21