Sociology Selected Question Papers

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Sociology Selected Question Papers

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Selected Question Papers on Sociology

1. Who developed the concept of ‘generalised others’ in symbolic interactionism?
(A) Herbert Blumer
(B) G. H. Mead
(C) Alfred Schutz
(D) Erving Goffman

2. According to Weber, Verstehen means ……………… .
(A) Understanding
(B) Causality
(C) Explanation
(D) Analysis

3. When a political party or an ideology hegemonize every aspect of society— social, cultural, political, economic, it may appropriately be termed as ……………….. .
(A) Authoritarian
(B) Totalitarian
(C) Democratic
(D) Despotic

4. The Supreme Court in its recent judgement scrapped section 497 of IPC dealing with ……………… .
(A) Honour killings
(B) Adultery
(C) Child sexual abuse
(D) Harassment at workplace

5. “Large scale bureaucratized production of cultural products for masses” is termed as ……………… .
(A) Mass culture
(B) Global culture
(C) Digital culture
(D) Culture industry

6. Which of the following perspectives views family structure as patriarchal?
(A) Marxist feminism
(B) Liberal feminism
(C) Radical feminism
(D) Cultural feminism

7. According to Durkheim which of the following is the earliest form of religion?
(A) Naturism
(B) Animism
(C) Environmentalism
(D) Totemism

8. According to which theory universal laws govern all areas of human thought?
(A) Structuralism
(B) Functionalism
(C) Post-modernism
(D) Post-structuralism

9. Which among the following is not specifically associated with the ‘rural’?
(A) Low density of population
(B) Local self Government
(C) More self reliance
(D) Predominance of primary group contact

10. Almond and Verba classify political culture into three types. Select the correct answer from the following:
(A) Parochial, Subject and Participant
(B) Participant, Active and Civic
(C) Local, Regional and National
(D) Parochial, Regional and Universal

11. Which one of the following is not Particularly Vulnerable Tribe in Maharashtra?
(A) Katkaria (Kathodia)
(B) Kolam
(C) Manner Warlu
(D) Maria Gond

12. Which is not a feature of precapitalist mode of production?
(A) Production for use rather than for an exchange
(B) Rent in kind rather than in money
(C) Petty production
(D) Generalised commodity production

13. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): In traditional societies, sexuality was tightly tied to the process of reproduction, where- as in modern societies, it has been separated from reproduction.
Reason (R): Historically, notions of gender have always remained static.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true

14. The notion of Time-Space compression is articulated in the context of:
(A) Feudalism
(B) Space age
(C) Industrialism
(D) Post-industrialism

15. According to Max Weber Hinduism was unable to produce rational capitalism because of its emphasis on ………………… .
(A) This worldly asceticism
(B) Other worldly asceticism
(C) Rational calculation on food expenditure
(D) Emphasis on agriculture

16. In which two forms A. R. Radcliffe Brown has divided joking relations?
(A) Symbolic and Instrumental
(B) Cultural and Social
(C) Symmetrical and Asymmetrical
(D) Functional and Non-functional

17. Panopticon in Foucault’s analysis of surveillance focusses on …………… .
(A) Corporal punishment
(B) Self-discipline
(C) Disciplinary society
(D) Confinement

18. According to whom, the public sphere was a place in which people could meet and have critical debates about public matters?
(A) Jurgen Habermas
(B) Anthony Giddens
(C) Manuel Castells
(D) Michel Foucault

19. Survey is used as a method of data collection in which information cannot be gathered through?
(A) Oral questions
(B) Written questions
(C) Combination of oral and written questions
(D) Observation

20. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other as the Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Service sector in India is known as the economic growth engine.
Reason (R): Service sector’s contribution to economy is higher than the other sectors.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true

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21. In a market economy, economic activity is conducted by …………… .
(A) Individuals
(B) Individuals and companies
(C) Caste groups
(D) Government

22. Reforestation is closely associated with …………….. .
(A) Tree plantation
(B) Agriculture
(C) Cutting down of trees
(D) Horticulture

23. Which one of the following is a characteristic of quantitative research?
(A) Value bound inquiry
(B) Inductive
(C) Deductive
(D) Interactive

24. Who is associated with the book entitled ‘The German Ideology’?
(A) M. Weber
(B) E. Durkheim
(C) K. Marx and F. Engels
(D) G. H. Mead

25. If unequal development in a region leads to mass movement for political autonomy in the region, what can it be appropriately called in Merton’s paradigm of functionalism?
(A) Latent function
(B) Latent dysfunction
(C) Functional alternative
(D) Manifest function

26. Who is the author of the book, “The Second Media Age”?
(A) Mark Poster
(B) David Holmes
(C) Mc Luhan
(D) Daniel Learner

27. Transnational corporations are not ……………. .
(A) Companies that operate in more than one country
(B) Regional in nature
(C) At the heart of economic globalization
(D) Instrumental in diffusion of new technologies

28. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(A) Sample cannot be used as a complete coverage of the population for research
(B) Studies based on sample require less time and produce quick answers
(C) Samples offer less detailed information and low degree of accuracy
(D) A sample is studied for drawing conclusions about the population or universe

29. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Divorce rates are on the rise.
Reason (R): People are loosing faith in the institution of marriage.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true

30. ‘Cybernetic hierarchy’ has been used by ……………… .
(A) R. K. Merton
(B) T. Parsons
(C) M. Foucault
(D) A. Giddens

31. Who has written the book “In the Belly of the River: Tribal Conflicts Over Development in Narmada Valley”?
(A) Patrick McCully
(B) Ramchandra Guha
(C) Medha Patkar
(D) Amita Baviskar

32. Which one of the following is not a feature of power according to Foucault?
(A) Productive
(B) Capillary nature
(C) Zero-sum
(D) Constitutive

33. …………….. is the mental acceptance that certain things are true or real.
(A) Value
(B) Belief
(C) Moral
(D) Ethic

34. Depeasantization refers to …………. .
(A) A shift towards commercial agriculture
(B) Migration from rural to urban
(C) Rural industrialization
(D) A shift from agricultural occupation to non-agricultural occupation

35. Research ethics are based on ………… .
(A) Morality
(B) Ethical codes of research
(C) Objectivity
(D) Religion and ethics

36. Who used metaphorical investigations to study everyday life of people?
(A) Erving Goffman
(B) Harold Garfinkel
(C) Thomas Luckman
(D) Jeffrey Alexander

37. ‘Broken Men Theory’ argued that Buddhists became untouchables, who proposed this theory?
(A) Irawati Karve
(B) S. V. Ketkar
(C) G. S. Ghurye
(D) B. R. Ambedkar

38. The most important research aid in Ethnography is ……………… .
(A) Camera
(B) Field Diary
(C) Interview Schedule
(D) Coding Manuel

39. Ethnopharmacology is at the intersection of ………………. .
(A) The ethnology, biology and pharmacy
(B) The ethnology, physiology and pharmacy
(C) Anthropology, biology and pharmacy
(D) The medical, natural sciences and social sciences

40. What should the researcher avoid while framing the questions?
(A) Use of simple words
(B) Specific questions
(C) Words with emotional connotations
(D) Symbols for reply

41. Select the incorrect pair:
(A) Cluster Sampling — Probability Sampling
(B) Quota Sampling — Probability Sampling
(C) Convenience Sampling — Non-Probability Sampling
(D) Purposive Sampling — Non-Probability Sampling

42. In Anthony Giddens’ theory of structuration, primacy is granted to ………………. .
(A) Structure
(B) Agency
(C) Habitus
(D) Structure and Agency

43. The new economic system based on flexibility, specialisation and tailormade goods is known as …………… .
(A) Fordism
(B) Post-Fordism
(C) Socialism
(D) Post-capitalism

44. According to whom, the ‘nuclear family is merely a stage in the joint family cycle’?
(A) G. S. Ghurye
(B) I. P. Desai
(C) M. N. Srinivas
(D) A. R. Desai

45. ‘Sweatshop’ is the term used for ……………… .
(A) Bonded labour
(B) Agricultural labour
(C) Secure working conditions
(D) Subcontracting system of labour

46. Who distinguishes between ‘relativism’ and ‘relationism’?
(A) A. Schutz
(B) K. Mannheim
(C) H. Garifinkel
(D) E. Goffman

47. Sustainable development means:
(A) Frugal living
(B) Growth
(C) Elimination of inequalities
(D) Renewable and equitable use of resources

48. Which one of the following is not a probability sampling?
(A) Simple random sampling
(B) Optimum allocation sampling
(C) Judgement sampling
(D) Area sampling

49. Most people marry within their own, race, class, level of education, religions affiliation etc. This is known as ………………. .
(A) Endogamy
(B) Hypogamy
(C) Homogamy
(D) Hypergamy

50. What is the rank of India according to Inequality Index?
(A) 147
(B) 115
(C) 103
(D) 130