Short Answer Questions Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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Short Answer Questions Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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Short Answer Questions on Obstetrics & Gynaecology

1) Commonest cause of first trimester abortion is –
A) Trisomy
B) Triploidy
C) Monosomy
D) Aneuploidy

2) Anti phospholipid syndrome is associated with all of the following except –
A) Pancytopenia
B) Recurrent abortions
C) Venous Thrombosis
D) Pulmonary Hypertension

3) Decidual casts bleeding per vagina is suggestive of –
A) Inevitable abortion
B) Threatened abortion
C) Tubal abortion
D) None of Above

4) All of the following are associated with poly hydraminos except –
A) Esophagcal Atrasia
B) Renal Agenesis
C) Anencephaly
D) Diabetes Mellitus

5) All of the following are causes of APH except –
A) Placenta Previa
B) Abruptio Placenta
C) Circumvallate placenta
D) Battledore placenta

6) Singer’s alkali denaturation test is done to detect presence of –
A) Maternal Hb
B) Fetal Hb
C) Amneotic fluid
D) Menstrual fluid

7) Fetal blood loss occurred in –
A) Placenta previa
B) Vasa previa
C) Circum vallate placenta
D) Uterine rupture

8) The earliest indication of concealed acute bleeding in pregnancy is –
A) Tachycardia
B) Oligouria
C) Postural hypotension
D) Low body Temperature

9) Treatment of choice in placenta accrete is –
A) Manual removal
B) Hysterectomy
C) Hysterotomy
D) Wait and Watch

10) Risk of Preterm delivery Increased if cervical length is:-
A) 2.5 cm
B) 3 cm
C) 3.5 cm
D) 4 cm

11) Vaginal delivery is allowed in all except:-
A) Monochorionic monoamniotic twins
B) First twin cephalic & second breech
C) Extended breech
D) Mento anterior

12) Risk factors for preeclampsia are following except –
A) Chronic hypertension
B) Placental is chaemia
C) Multigravida
D) Anti physpholipid syndrome

13) Karyotype Of Complete Mole Is –
A) 46 XX
B) 45 XO
C) 46 XY

14) The following conditions are associated with molar pregnancy except –
A) Pregnancy induces hypertension
B) Thyrotoxicosis
C) Gestational diabetes
D) Hyperemesis gravidarum

15) Treatment of choice of 28 weeks size H mole in 40 Yrs. Porous women is –
A) Vacuum Extraction
B) Hysterectomy
C) Hysterotomy
D) Vaginal delivery

16) Villous pattern is lost in –
A) Invasive mole
B) Tubal mole
C) Hydatidiform mole
D) Chorio carcinoma

17) Most frequent site of metastasis in a case of choriocarcinoma is –
A) Vagina
B) Liver
C) Lungs
D) Brain

18) Gestational Trophoblastic disease with jaundice best drug is –
A) Methotrexate
B) Adriamycin
C) Actinomycin.D
D) Cyclophosphomide

19) Which of the following regarding choriocarcinoma is true –
A) Worst prognosis
B) Treatment of choice is hysterectomy
C) Lungs metastasis cause haemoptysis
D) Radiotherapy is preferred

20) Abruptio placentae occurs in all except –
A) Smokers
B) Alcoholic
D) Folic acid deficiency

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21) About placenta previa true is:–
A) Incidence increases by two to four fold after LSCS
B) More common in primigravida
C) Most common in developed countries
D) A common cause of PPH

22) The cause of PPH in a contracted uterus –
A) Cervical laceration
B) Retained Placenta
C) Atomy of uterus
D) None of Above

23) All of following give rise to PPH except –
A) Twin Pregnancy
B) Small for date fatal
C) Prolonged Labour
D) High Multiparily

24) Common cause of Retained Placenta –
A) Atonic Uterus
B) Constriction Ring
C) Placenta Accreta
D) Poor voluntary expulsive efforts

25) Common cause of death in inversion of uterus among the following is:-
B) Haemorrhage
C) Pulmonary Embolism
D) Infection

26) On per vaginal examination, anterior fontanel & supra orbital ridges is felt in the second stage of labour, presentation is –
A) Brow Presentation
B) Deflex head
C) Flex head
D) Face presentation

27) Commonest cause of occipto posterior position of fatal head during labour –
A) Maternal obesity
B) Deflexion of head
C) Multiparity
D) Android pelvis

28) Incidence of monozygotic twins is –
A) 1 in 80
B) 1 in 250
C) 1 in 160
D) 1 in 800

29) Commonest presentation in twin pregnancy is –
A) Both vertex
B) Vertex – transverse
C) Vertex – Breech
D) Both – Breech

30) Doppler USG in twins is used for –
A) Monitoring growth of twins
B) Twin to twin transfusion
C) Conjoined twin
D) All of the above

31) Monochoronic mono amniotic twin result, if division occurs –
A) Before 24 Hrs
B) 1-4 days
C) 4-8 days
D) After 8 days

32) A double headed monster is known as –
A) Diplopagus
B) Dicephalus
C) Craniopagus
D) Heteropagus

33) Caesarean section is indicates in twin pregnancy in all except –
A) Second twin in transvers be position
B) First twin in transvers lie
C) Mono amniotic twins
D) Both Breech

34) A double monster fused in pelvic region is called –
A) Ischiopagus
B) Thoracapagus
C) Syncephalus
D) None of These

35) All of the following are present in Non Immune hydrops fetalis except –
A) Skin oedema
B) Ascites
C) Large Placenta
D) Cardiomegaly

36) Conjoined twin develop if division of fertilised ovum occur –
A) < 3 day
B) 4-8 day
C) > 14 day
D) None

37) Hydrops foetalis is seen in following except –
A) Rh incompatibility
B) Syphilis
C) ABO in compatibility
D) CMV Infection

38) Non Immune hydrops foetalis is seen in all of the following condition except –
A) α Thalassemea
B) Parvovirus-19
C) Rh-Incompatibility
D) Chromosomal anomaly

39) The Kleihauer test for detecting erythrocytes is based on fact that-
A) Adult erythrocylos are larger than those of fetus
B) Hb A has higher affably to O2 than Hb f
C) Hb F as more resistance to acid elution
D) Hb A take stain less than Hb f

40) For maturity estimation amniotic fluid cells are stain with –
A) Nile blue sulphate
B) Methyline blue
C) Mucicarmine
D) Sudan black

41) Post term pregnancy is that which continuous beyond –
A) 300 days
B) 294 days
C) 280 days
D) 270 days

42) Which of following genital infection is associated with preterm labour –
B) Trichomonas vaginitis
C) Monolial vaginitis
D) Bacterial vaginosis

43) IUFD cause all except –
C) Infection
D) Hypofibrinogenemea

44) LOVSET MANOEUVER is used in delivery of :-
A) Head
B) Breech
C) Foot
D) Arm

45) Method of delivery of head in breech is –
A) Scanzoni Manoeuver
B) Mauriceau‘s manoeuver
C) Ritgen manoeuver
D) Piper manoeuver

46) Most common immunoglobin is secreted by mother in milk & colosturm is:-
A) IgA
B) IgG
C) IgE
D) IgD

47) Implantation bleeding is known as:-
A) Hartman’s sign
B) Arias Stella’s sign
C) Hoffmon’s sign
D) Reinz’s sign

48) All are operation for uterine inversion except:-
A) O Sullivan
B) Haultan
C) Spinelli
D) Fentoni

49) Maximum permissible radiation dose is pregnancy is:-
A) 0.1 Rad
B) 0.5 Rad
C) 1.5 Rad
D) 3 Rad

50) The drug of choice in treatment of typhoid fever in pregnancy is:-
A) Ampicillin
B) Chloramphenicol
C) Ciprofloxacin
D) Ceftriaxone