Geography MCQ

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Geography MCQ

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MCQ Questions on Geography

1. Which of the following characteristics are found in developing countries ?
(a) High population growth rates
(b) Large number of people living in poverty
(c) Very traditional methods of agricultural production
(d) Mechanised agricultural production methods
Select the appropriate option from the following :
(A) (a) and (b)
(B) (b) and (c)
(C) (c) and (d)
(D) (a) and (d)

2. Which of the following are attributes of spatial interaction ?
(a) Spatial complementarity
(b) Distance decay
(c) Diffusion
(d) Interviewing opportunity
Select the appropriate option from the following :
(A) (a) and (b)
(B) (c) and (d)
(C) (a), (b) and (c)
(D) (a), (b) and (d)

3. Which of the following languages belongs to Austric family ?
(A) Kinnauri
(B) Kuruba
(C) Munda
(D) Banjari

4. …………… province of Canada has a majority of French Speaking population.
(A) Ontario
(B) Quebec
(C) British Columbia
(D) Alberta

5. Given below are the two statements, one labelled as Statement (A) and the other as Reason (R) :
Statement (A) : Regional geography has changed considerably.
Reason (R) : It now includes both analysis and synthesis.
Select the correct alternative using the codes below :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

6. The Russian concept of Territorial Production Complex is an extension of …………….
(A) Central place theory
(B) Growth pole concept
(C) Core-periphery concept
(D) Diffusion model

7. Give the correct sequence of effects observed around growth centres :
(A) Agglomeration effect, Backwash effect, spread effect
(B) Agglomeration effect, spread effect, backwash effect
(C) Backwash effect, spread effect, agglomeration effect
(D) Spread effect, agglomeration effect, backwash effect

8. ………………. is a major hurdle in development of Uttarakhand.
(A) Poor human resource development
(B) Absence of resource base
(C) Physical isolation
(D) Poverty

9. The main attribute of functional region is …………..
(A) Functional homogeneity
(B) Functional heterogeneity
(C) Stakeholders’ participation
(D) Functional superiority

10. Who formalised the concept that there exists relationship between spatial organisation and national development ?
(A) Luten
(B) Dickens
(C) Kuklinski
(D) Friedmann

11. Regions delineated on the basis of transport network are :
(A) Natural regions
(B) Nodal regions
(C) Planning regions
(D) Resource regions

12. Which of the following is the correct sequence of belts from Siwaliks to active flood plains of North Indian Plains ?
(A) Bhabar—Terai—Khadar— Bangar
(B) Bhabar—Terai—Bangar— Khadar
(C) Bangar—Terai—Khadar—Bhabar
(D) Bhabar—Khadar—Bangar—Terai

13. Which type of vegetation is necessarily confined to the narrow zone of tidal limits ?
(A) Alpine vegetation
(B) Tropical rainforest
(C) Tropical deciduous
(D) Mangrove

14. Main cause for the winter rains in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is that ………..
(A) the area enjoys Mediterranean climate
(B) it is the area of high elevation
(C) it comes under the influence of sub-tropical westerlies
(D) it comes under the influence of tropical easterly jet stream

15. Decrease in total forest coverage in India is primarily due to ……….
(A) Extreme Climatic variability
(B) Exponential urbanisation
(C) Commercial exploitation
(D) Illegal deforestation

16. Which two of the following are the field-refineries in India ?
(a) Panipat
(b) Mathura
(c) Koyali
(d) Digboi
Select the appropriate places from the following pairs :
(A) (a) and (b)
(B) (b) and (c)
(C) (c) and (d)
(D) (d) and (a)

17. According to the international ecotourism society’s definition of 2015, which of the following is not direct component of the ecotourism ?
(A) Well being of the local people
(B) Conservation of the environment
(C) Preservation of the environment
(D) Responsible travel

18. Which of the following states has maximum number of major dams in the country ?
(A) Karnataka
(B) Uttar Pradesh
(C) Himachal Pradesh
(D) Maharashtra

19. In symbolisation of quantitative data on maps …………… is the primary variable which is visually more effective.
(A) Shape
(B) Colour
(C) Size
(D) Orientation

20. In GIS, the process of assigning the co-ordinates of locational features to the corresponding attribute value is known as …………
(A) Geo-stitching
(B) Geo-coding
(C) Geo-pairing
(D) Geo-pasting

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21. Measurement of areas under different landuses belongs to …………… scale of measurement.
(A) Nominal
(B) Ordinal
(C) Interval
(D) Ratio

22. If the frequencies are concentrated at number of locations over the range of data it will be called ………….. distribution.
(A) Negatively skewed
(B) Laptokurtic
(C) Multimodal
(D) Platykurtic

23. Which of the following statistical techniques you will use for testing the validity of a categorisation of observed values of a variable ?
(A) Students’ t-test
(B) Analysis of variance
(C) Chi-square test
(D) Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test

24. Which of the following techniques is best suited for the analysis of inequality of distribution ?
(A) Lorenz curve
(B) Scaling technique
(C) Rank order analysis
(D) Weighted score

25. A standard normal distribution will have :
(A) Mean = 1 and Std. Dev. = 1
(B) Mean = 0 and Std. Dev. = 0
(C) Mean = 0 and Std. Dev. = 1
(D) Mean = 1 and Std. Dev. = 0

26. Which one of the following type of mountains is formed exclusively by exogenetic processes ?
(A) Fold mountain
(B) Block mountain
(C) Residual mountain
(D) Volcanic mountain

27. The slope of plates sliding into asthenosphere can be inferred from the analysis of …………………. .
(A) Palaeomagnetic conditions
(B) Depth of earthquake foci
(C) Distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes
(D) Speed of plate movement

28. Though the age of oldest rocks on the earth is estimated to be 3200 million years (myrs), the age of ocean floor is nowhere older than ………………….. myrs.
(A) 2000
(B) 1000
(C) 500
(D) 200

29. Who among the following scholars criticized the concept of cycle of erosion mainly with reference to ‘base level’ ?
(A) W. Penck
(B) Hettner
(C) Passarge
(D) L. C. King

30. Transportation of load in suspension is not possible for ……….. .
(A) River
(B) Sea waves
(C) Glacier
(D) Wind

31. Commercial airliners of temperate latitudes prefer to fly in the atmospheric layer namely …………… .
(A) Lower Troposphere
(B) Upper Troposphere
(C) Upper Stratosphere
(D) Lower Stratosphere

32. ………………….. is predominant in terrestrial radiation.
(A) Ultraviolet
(B) Infrared
(C) Visible
(D) X-ray

33. When pressure gradient and Coriolis force are at balance, the resultant winds are …………………. .
(A) Foehn winds
(B) Chinook winds
(C) Geostrophic winds
(D) Monsoon winds

34. The waves in high velocity winds of westerlies are called ……………… .
(A) Hurricanes
(B) Polar Front
(C) Rossby
(D) Doldrums

35. Which one of the following criteria is used to identify Koppen’s ‘A’ type of climate ?
(A) Mean monthly temperature of the coldest month is more than freezing point
(B) High rainfall throughout the year
(C) Mean monthly temperature in all the months is more than 18ºC
(D) Mean monthly temperature in all the months is below 18ºC

36. The deepest zone of ocean is known as …………………. .
(A) hadal zone
(B) hollow zone
(C) halo zone
(D) hidal zone

37. Arrange the following sea salts in their descending proportion of occurrence in ocean water :
(i) Sodium
(ii) Sulphate
(iii) Chloride
(iv) Magnesium
(A) (i), (iii), (iv), (ii)
(B) (iii), (ii), (i), (iv)
(C) (iii), (i), (ii), (iv)
(D) (i), (iv), (iii), (ii)

38. In which of the following zoogeographical regions demarcated by sclater, countries bordering Mediterranean are included ?
(A) Palaearctic region
(B) Nearctic region
(C) Neotropical region
(D) Ethiopean region

39. Which one of the following is most important element of ecosystem ?
(A) Energy flow
(B) Ecological succession
(C) Food chain
(D) Food web

40. The evolution of plants is scientifically explained by …………… .
(A) Adaptation
(B) Climatic climax
(C) Organic evolution
(D) Plant succession

41. Which one of the following pairs of proponent and concept is not matched correctly ?
Proponent Concept
(A) Leibnitz — Concept of world as an organism
(B) Aristotle — Inductive reasoning
(C) Yi-Fu-Tuan — Geosophy
(D) Patric Geddes — Place-Work-Folk Progression

42. Who among the following geographers was the originator of ‘dualism’ between physical and human geography ?
(A) Fredrich Ratzel
(B) Richthofen
(C) Carl Ritter
(D) Oscar Peschel

43. First geographer to initiate change over from the dominantly liberal to the Marxist perspective in geography was ……………….. .
(A) David Smith
(B) David Harvey
(C) D. T. Herbert
(D) William Bunge

44. Who among the following firmly believed that all History must be treated geographically and also that all geography must be studied historically ?
(A) Anaximander
(B) Hecataeus
(C) Herodotus
(D) Thales

45. Which one of the following is mismatched ?
Concept Meaning
(A) Ecumenopolis — Ultimate city with larger area with most of its population
(B) Megalopolis — Integration of large urban agglomeration into highly urbanised country
(C) Metropolis — Capital city with metro services
(D) Acropolis — The highest part of the city usually with fortification

46. As per the Rank-Size-Rule, what would be the population size of the third ranking city Nagpur in Maharashtra when the first ranking city Mumbai in Maharashtra has 120 lakh population ?
(A) 60 lakh
(B) 90 lakh
(C) 80 lakh
(D) 40 lakh

47. The extensive built-up area formed by the coalescence of once-separate and mainly urban settlements is termed as ……………….. .
(A) Conurbation
(B) Fringe
(C) Metropolis
(D) Rurban

48. Which statements are true characteristics of primate city ?
(a) exceptionally expressive of national capacity and feeling
(b) usually disproportionately larger than any other in the system
(c) may arise due to historical and contemporary effects on size and distance
(d) U.S.A., Russia, China and India demonstrate some good examples of primate city
(A) (a) and (b) only
(B) (a) and (c) only
(C) (c) and (d) only
(D) (b) and (d) only

49. Consider the following statements and identify the correct statements from the codes given below :
(a) The agricultural density refers to agricultural population to total cultivated area
(b) The economic density refers to the ratio between the requirements of a population and the resources made available to it by production of the areas it occupies
(c) The arithmetic density is a simple ratio between the total population and residential area
Codes :
(A) (a) and (c) only
(B) (a) and (b) only
(C) (b) and (c) only
(D) (b) only

50. Which of the following industry generally has linear location ?
(A) Tourism
(B) Iron and steel
(C) Cotton textile
(D) Chemical industry