Food and Nutrition Important Question

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Food and Nutrition Important Question

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Important Question Papers on Food and Nutrition

1. Maillard reaction takes place when protein is cooked for a prolonged period of time with
(1) Sugar
(2) Vitamins
(3) Minerals
(4) Antioxidants

2. What does HACCP stand for ?
(1) Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point
(2) Hazard and Critical Control Point
(3) Health Analysis and Critical Control Point
(4) Hazard and Critical Cooking a Point

3. About 97 percent dietary lipids are present in the form of
(1) Phospholipids
(2) Triglycerides
(3) Cholesterol
(4) Glycerol

4. What is the primary reason for blanching food ?
(1) Cleans the food.
(2) Prevents pest infestation.
(3) Inactivates enzymes in food.
(4) Prevents food from drying.

5. As per the report of expert group (CMR-NIN, 2020) calcium requirements for a pregnant woman is
(1) 1000 mg/day
(2) 1050 mg/day
(3) 1100 mg/day
(4) 1200 mg/day

6. Computation of energy requirement for an adult is based on
(1) Factorial Approach
(2) Nutrient turnover
(3) Nutrient balance
(4) Dietary intake

7. As per the ICMR-NIN 2020 the age for Reference Indian Adult Male and Female has been mentioned in the definition is
(1) 19-39 years
(2) 20-39 years
(3) 19-40 years
(4) 20-40 years

8. In which organ of the body β-carotene changes to retinol ?
(1) Liver
(2) Pancreas
(3) Gall Bladder
(4) Intestine

9. Arrange the right sequence in decreasing order of protein content in food :
A. Bread
B. Cheese
C. Butter
D. Boiled egg
(1) A B C D
(2) B C D A
(3) C A B D
(4) D B A C

10. Give the sequential involvement of enzymes for the digestion of food in the gastro-intestinal tract :
A. Iso-maltase
B. Pepsin
C. Ptylin
D. Amylase
Codes :
(1) A B D C
(2) C B D A
(3) D A B C
(4) B A C D

11. Arrange the following foods in ascending order of their iron content :
A. Egg
B. Leafy vegetables
C. Liver
D. Milk
(1) D B A C
(2) C A B D
(3) C B D A
(4) A C D B

12. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A) : Consumption of plenty of fruits and vegetables protects individuals from certain cancers.
Reason (R) : The antioxidants present in fruits and vegetables help in removal of free radials.
Codes :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(2) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(3) (A) is true, (R) is false.
(4) (A) is false, (R) is true.

13. Arrange in the correct sequence of the symptoms of diabetes as they appear with advancement of disease :
A. Dehydration
B. Glycosuria
C. Polyurea
D. Ketosis
E. Hyperglycemia
F. Dhiabetic coma

Codes :
(1) E C B D A F
(2) E B C A D F
(3) B A C E F D
(4) C B A D E F

14. Put the following foods in increasing order of their calcium content :
A. Bengal gram dal
B. Milk
C. Spinach
D. Almond

Codes :
(1) B D C A
(2) D B A C
(3) C B A D
(4) A C B D

15. Which of the following foods are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids ?
A. Lard
B. Butter
C. Fatty fish
D. Mustard seeds
E. Walnut
Codes :
(1) A D and E
(2) C, D and E
(3) A, C and E
(4) B,C and D

16. The three main Omega-3 fatty acids are
A. Alpha-linolenic acid
B. Butyric acid
C. Eicosapenataenoic acid
D. Docosahexaenoic acid
E. Palmitic acid
F. Stearic acid

Codes :
(1) A, B and C
(2) A, C and E
(3) B, C and D
(4) A, C and D

17. Infants born to mothers who are vegan may be at increased risk of deficiency of which nutrient ?
(1) Vitamin C
(2) Folate
(3) Vitamin B12
(4) Calcium

18. The iron requirement during pregnancy and lactation as per ICMR-NIN, 2020 is”
(1) 27 mg/d and 23 mg/d
(2) 23 mg/d and 29 me/d
(3) 29 mg/d and 32 mg/d
(4) 32 mg/d and 27 mg/d

19. The additional protein requirement in 3% trimester of pregnancy as per ICMR-NIN, 2020 is –
(1) 22 g/day
(2) 17 g/day
(3) 18 g/day
(4) 9.5 g/day

20. Physical Activity Level (PAL) values for Indian reference adult man doing moderate work (ICMR-2010) is
(1) 1.5
(2) 1.7
(3) 1.8
(4) 1.9

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21. High Blood Pressure and the presence of protein in the urine during pregnancy may be signs of
(1) Preeclampsia
(2) Hyperemesis
(3) Goitre
(4) Gestational diabetes

22. A condition of severe and persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called
(1) Hyperemesis gravidarum
(2) Placenta previa
(3) Diabetes
(4) Eclampsia

23. A pregnant woman’s energy needs must be met in order to
(1) Spare vitamins
(2) Spare adipose stores
(3) Prevent foetal deformity
(4) Spare protein

24. Iron needs increase during pregnancy because of
(1) Constipation
(2) Increase blood volume
(3) Increased maternal metabolic rate
(4) Poor iron absorption during pregnancy

25. During pregnancy, which of the following hormones is present in the urine of the mother ?
(1) Progesterone
(2) Luteinising Hormone
(3) Follicle Stimulating Hormone
(4) Human Chorionic Gonadotropix Hormone

26. The enzyme enterokinase helps in the conversion of
(1) Trypsinogen into trypsin
(2) Caseinogen into casein
(3) Pepsinogen into pepsin
(4) Protein into polypeptides

27. The intrinsic factor that helps in the absorption of Vitamin B12 is secreted by
(1) Parietal cells
(2) Hepatic cells
(3) Oxyntic cells
(4) Chief cells

28. Which of the following statements is true ?
(1) Prolactin from the anterior pituitary stimulates milk production
(2) Prolactin from the posterior pituitary stimulates milk production
(3) Oxytocin from the posterior pituitary stimulates milk production
(4) Oxytocin from the anterior pituitary stimulates milk production

29. The body weight of reference Indian adult man (CMR-NIN, 2020) is.
(1) 50 kg
(2) 55 kg
(3) 60 kg
(4) 65kg

30. As per ICMR-NIN, 2020 recommendations for fibre based on energy intake is
(1) 10 g/1000 kcal
(2) 15 g/2000 kcal
(3) 20 g/1000 kcal
(4) 30 g/2000 kcal

31. The recommended estimated energy requirements (CMR-NIN 2020) based on BMR and physical activity levels for sedentary elderly woman weighing 55 kg is
(1) 1500 kcal
(2) 1600 kcal
(3) 1700 kcal
(4) 1800 kcal

32. Acceptable carbohydrate distribution range of lactating women as percent of energy is (ICMR-NIN, 2020)
(1) 45-65%
(2) 50-70%
(3) 55-75%
(4) 60-80%

33. Recommended dietary allowances of niacin for moderate working women is ICMR-NIN, 2020)
(1) 11 mg/day
(2) 14 mg/day
(3) 18 mg/day
(4) 20 mg/day

34. Which of the following is the most common symptom of myocardial infarction ?
(1) Chest pain
(2) Dyspnoea
(3) Edema
(4) Palpitations

35. Which of the following risk factors for coronary artery disease cannot be corrected ?
(1) Cigarette smoking
(2) Obesity
(3) Heredity
(4) Hypertension

36. Presence of RBC in urine is known as
(1) Proteinuria
(2) Hematuria
(3) Urolithiasis
(4) Nephritis

37. HDL is synthesized and secreted from
(1) Pancreas
(2) Liver
(3) Kidneys
(4) Muscles

38. From which plant source is gluten derived ?
(1) Soya
(2) Rice
(3) Corn
(4) Wheat

39. Condition in which unabsorbed fat remains in the stool is known as
(1) Diarrhoea
(2) Steatorrhoea
(3) Cholecystitis
(4) Colitis

40. When the food is directly given in the veins, it is called as
(1) Parenteral nutrition
(2) Enteral nutrition
(3) Nasogastric nutrition
(4) Saline nutrition

41. Cancer of the blood cells is referred to as
(1) Kaposi Sarcoma
(2) Basal Cell Carcinoma
(3) Mesothelioma
(4) Leukemia

42. Which of the following is not a symptom of lactose intolerance ?
(1) Bloating
(2) Stomach Cramps
(3) Nausea
(4) Fever

43. Another word for gallstone disease is
(1) Cholelithiasis
(2) Cholecystitis
(3) Urolithiasis
(4) Hepatitis

44. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A) : Estrogen causes more cholesterol to be secreted in the bile and is therefore associated with a high prevalence of gallstones.
Reason (R): Women on hormone replacement therapy are more prone to the development of gallstones.
Codes :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
(3) (A) is correct but (R) is not correct.
(4) (A) is not correct but (R) is correct.

45. Which nutrients is key for supplying the body with energy ?
(1) Protein
(2) Micronutrients
(3) Fibre
(4) Carbohydrate

46. What type of fat should make up the majority of fat intake for a healthy diet ?
(1) Saturated fat
(2) Unsaturated fat
(3) Fat from animal products
(4) Trans fats

47. What is one lifestyle change that can be used to treat Phenylketonuria ?
(1) Eating mostly carbohydrates with limited protein.
(2) Eating mostly protein to replace the lost phenylalanine.
(3) Eating a balanced diet of protein and carbohydrates and fats.
(4) Getting plenty of exercise to burn off the extra phenylalanine.

48. What type of diet is recommended for weight maintenance ?
(1) Low protein and low Glycaemic Index
(2) High protein and high Glycaemic Index
(3) Low protein and high Glycaemic Index
(4) High protein and low Glycaemic Index

49. Burns are classified by degrees from first to third. Which of these describes a third-degree burn ?
(1) Burned area is larger than inches across.
(2) Burned area is on the face.
(3) Burned area covers 10% of the body.
(4) Burn extends through all the skin layers and tissue.

50. Which of the following enzymes is defective in galactosemia a fatal genetic disorder in infants ?
(1) Glucokinase
(2) Galactokinase
(3) UDP-Galactose 4-Epimerase
(4) Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyltransferase