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GK Question Papers on Geology
1. Which of the following mineral has no relation with copper ore ?
2. Gypsum is not used in
(2) Surgical plaster
3. The first earth resource technology satellite was
(1) LANDSAT – 1
(2) SMS – 1
(3) TIROS – 1
4. In aerial photographs, which rock shows characteristic motteled texture ?
(2) Carbonate rocks
(4) Volcanic rocks
5. In remote sensing, the image enhancement can be achieved by
(1) density slicing
(4) image coding
6. Which of the following does not make a ‘lineament’ in the satellite imagery ?
(1) Topographic alignment
(2) Vegitational linears
(3) Geological faults
(4) Structural dome
7. What type of imagery is best for agriculture monitoring with precision ?
(1) Hyperspectral Image
(2) Superspectral Image
(3) Multispectral Image
(4) None of these
8. In which year the first Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS-1) or Landsat-1 was launched ?
9. A satellite orbit so selected that the satellite passes over the same ground track at the same local time each day is known as
(1) Geosynchronous orbit
(2) Sun synchronous orbit
(3) Geostationary orbit
(4) None of these
10. What is ‘Aquiclude’ ?
(1) Permeable formation can neither hold nor transmit water.
(2) Impermeable formation which can hold but cannot transmit water.
(3) Permeable formation can hold and transmit water.
(4) Impermeable formation can neither hold nor transmit water.
11. In an unconfined aquifer, the upper surface of zone of saturation is called
(1) Piezometric surface
(2) Water table contour
(3) Confined aquifer
(4) Perched aquifer
12. Palaeochannels of lost river Saraswati cannot be utilized for
(1) Recharge of ground water
(2) Production of hydro electricity
(3) Production of ground water
13. Percentage of void space to the total volume of the rock is called
(1) Field permeability
(2) Lab permeability
(3) Safe yield
(4) Porosity of rock
14. Name the law which states “The flow rate through porous media is proportional to the head loss and inversely proportional to the length of the flow”.
(1) Law of Overdraft
(2) Darcy’s law
(3) Ghyben’s law
(4) Law of steady flow
15. What is called the water stored in saturated zone ?
(1) Vadose water
(2) Ground water
(3) Plutonic water
(4) Connate water
16. A nearly impermeable rock formation which neither retain nor transmit the water is called
17. Among these, which water is known as fossil water ?
(1) Connate water
(2) Metamorphic water
(3) Plutonic water
(4) Juvenile water
18. The ratio of the water can be drained freely from the rocks to the total volume of the rock is called
(3) Specific yield
(4) Specific retention
19. Under mineral concession terminology, Granite and Sandstone falls under which category ?
(1) Major minerals
(2) Minor minerals
(3) Industrial minerals
(4) None of these
20. Which of the followings is a false statement ?
(1) Gold is a byproduct in copper mines (Khetri and Singhbhum).
(2) Silver is a byproduct in Zawar (Pb-Zn) mine.
(3) Copper is a co-product in Rajpura Daribamine.
(4) Manganese is a byproduct in Dalli Rajhara iron mine.
21. Jaduguda is known for which of the metals ore mining ?
22. Which of the following terms used for a mineral, required for defence and scarce available in the country ?
(1) Rare minerals
(2) Essential minerals
(3) Very important minerals
(4) Strategic minerals
23. The minimum Royalty to be paid for a mine is called
(1) Dead Rent
(2) Surface Rent
24. To what extend, from base line of the territorial sea, the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is measured in nautical miles ?
(1) Five hundred
(2) One thousand
(3) Two hundred
(4) Two hundred fifty
25. The richest Thorium deposit is available in India at
(1) Calcretes of Indian desert
(2) Deep inside the Indian Ocean
(3) East and West coastal sands of India
(4) Khasi hills (North-East India)
26. Remote sensing data can be used in mineral and petroleum exploration, mapping geomorphology and monitoring volcanoes.
(3) False, used only for mapping geomorphology.
(4) False, used only for earthquake prediction.
27. Which of the following is a correct statement ?
(1) Devonian is younger than Silurian.
(2) Triassic is younger than Cretaceous.
(3) Oligocene is younger than Pliocene.
(4) Ordovician is younger than Permian.
28. Forests are often referred to as carbon sinks because
(1) During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide, the major greenhouse gas, is taken from the atmosphere and converted into plant matter and oxygen.
(2) During photosynthesis, oxygen is taken from the atmosphere and converted into plant matter.
(3) During photosynthesis, ozone, one of the major greenhouse gases, 1S taken from the atmosphere and converted into plant matter and oxygen.
(4) During plant respiration water is converted to a major greenhouse gas, and is converted into plant matter and oxygen.
29. Black cotton soil of India has been derived from the decomposition of
(1) Deccan basalts
(2) Vindhyan porcellanites
(3) Black beach sands
(4) Black carbonatites
30. Rudaceous rocks chiefly consist of the following :
(1) Sand and sand sized material
(2) Silt and silt sized material
(3) Dust, mud and clay
(4) Gravels, pebbles, cobbles and boulders
31. The alkaline intrusives of Sarnu Dandali have good prospects of rare earth minerals. The age of the intrusives is :
(2) Upper Cretaceous to Palaeocene
(3) Upper Proterozoic to lower Cambrian
(4) Upper Cretaceous to lower Oligocene
32. The composition of Bhander group, of the Vindhyan supergroup is mainly :
(2) Arenaceous and Calcareous
(4) Arenaceous and Argillaceous
33. Trilobites were abundant during :
34. Marwar supergroup is comprised of three groups, namely :
(1) Jodhpur, Bilara and Nagaur
(2) Jodhpur sandstone, Nagaur sandstone and Sanu limestone
(3) Gotan limestone, Sonia sandstone and Barmer
(4) Jaisalmer, Barmer and Nagaur
35. Under Environment Policy of India, India has ‘Wildlife Protection Act’, which provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants. Mark the wrong statement.
(1) It extends to the whole of India.
(2) This Act was enacted in the year 1972.
(3) Before 1972, India had five designated national parks.
(4) Wildlife includes all dangerous animals but not bees, butterflies, crustacean, fish and moths; and aquatic or land vegetation which forms part of any habitat.
36. ‘Mineral Conservation and Development Rules, 2017’ are applicable to which of the following minerals ?
(1) Petroleum and natural gas
(2) Coal and lignite
(3) Strategic minerals like copper, lead, zinc
(4) Minor minerals
37. Which of the following is both major as well as minor mineral according to ‘Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957’ ?
(1) Building stones
38. Drawdown in hydrogeology is
(1) Difference between the water table and the pumping water level.
(2) Difference between confined and unconfined aquifer.
(3) Difference between pressure and velocity of groundwater.
(4) Convex surface of the watertable formed during pumping.
39. RADAR is an acronym for Radio Detection and Ranging.
(1) Radar is an active form of remote sensing that operates in the microwave and radio wavelength regions.
(2) Radar is an active form of remote sensing that operates in only the visible range regions.
(3) Radar is an active form of remote sensing that operates in only the infrared regions.
(4) Radar is an active form of remote sensing that can operate in regions other than microwave and radio wavelength regions.
40. The relationship between organism and environment is known as
41. The breakdown of rocks by various natural agencies in general is called
(4) mass wasting
42. The point within the Earth’s crust where the earthquake originates, is known as
(1) depth of origin
(4) geographical location
43. A vent of volcano, from which hot water and steam are periodically ejected with great force, is known as
44. A deposit of pyroclastic flow, acidic in composition, formed in hot condition by welding of tuff is called
45. Which of the following is the oldest mountain of India ?
(1) The Vindhyan
(2) The Aravalli
(3) The Satpura
(4) The Himalaya
46. Who proposed nebular hypothesis ?
(1) Kant and Laplace
(2) Chamberlin and Moulton
(3) Jeans and Jeffreys
47. The outer solid portion of the earth, known as lithosphere, which include
(1) only crust
(2) curst and asthenosphere
(3) crust and mantle
(4) part of the upper mantle and crust
48. According to Wegner, the present day continents were one supercontinent called Pangaea till the end of the
(1) Carboniferous period
(2) Permian period
(3) Triassic period
(4) Jurassic period
49. Constructive plate boundaries are also known as
(1) diverging plate boundaries
(2) converging plate boundaries
(3) transform plate boundaries
(4) subduction zone
50. The lower most layer of atmosphere is
51. The black cotton soil with montmorillonite clay mineral is yielded by which rock type ?
52. What is the mean density (g/cm?) of whole earth ?
53. Red sea is present example of
(1) opening up of the sea
(2) salt lake
(3) El Nino effect
(4) Coral reef
54. Mid oceanic ridges are examples of
(1) Constructive plate boundary
(2) Destructive plate boundary
(3) Conservative plate boundary
(4) Consolidated plate boundary
55. Which of the following minerals has the same colour and streak ?
56. If Silicon Tetrahedron (SiO4) are linked by three of their corners, and extend indefinitely in a two dimensional network; which has a silicon and oxygen ratio 4:10; the silicate structure is called
(1) sheet structure
(2) double chain structure
(3) single chain structure
(4) framework structure
57. Beryl belongs to which of the following crystal system ?
(1) Tetragonal system
(2) Monoclinic system
(3) Hexagonal system
(4) Orthorhombic system
58. How many faces Rhombododecahedron is having ?
(2) forty eight
(3) twenty four
59. Which of the following minerals has different hardness along length and width ?
60. A crysal of Gypsum is having
(1) three plane of symmetry, three axes of symmetry and a centre of symmetry
(2) six plane of symmetry, six axes of symmetry and a centre of symmetry
(3) only centre of symmetry
(4) one plane of symmetry, one diad axis of symmetry and a centre of symmetry
61. Among these, which mineral has the highest specific gravity ?