Directions (Q. 1-10): In the following passage there are blanks; each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately in the context of the passage. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
The social --------- (1) ----------- of the Web lifestyle and work style are enormous. A lot of people --------- (2) ----------- that computers and the Internet will depersonalize experience, creating a world that is less warm. But these are unfounded as we know that some people were --------- (3) ----------- afraid that the telephone would reduce face-to-face contact and will --------- (4) ----------- society to fall apart. But the --------- (5) ----------- actually came true. Just as phone and e-mail have increased contact between people living in different communities and between people on the go, the PC and the Internet give us --------- (6) ----------- way to communicate. They do not take any away. In reality, the ability to use the Internet to redefine --------- (7) ----------- in our communities is strengthening personal and cultural --------- (8) -----------, The Web lifestyle is about broadening --------- (9) -----------, not narrowing them. Community building is going to be one of the biggest growth areas on the Web. It dramatically increases the number of communities you can bond to because of its ability to --------- (10) ----------- groups of like-minded people independent of geography or time zones.
1. 1) groups 2) needs 3) factor 4) teaching 5) implications
2. 1) accept 2) dare 3) fear 4) propose 5) reject
3. 1) strongly 2) initially 3) always 4) never 5) possibly
4. 1) let 2) decay 3) develop 4) cause 5) destroy
5. 1) opposite 2) found 3) finding 4) different 5) negative
6. 1) cheaper 2) economical 3) another 4) second 5) many
7. 1) groups 2) ethics 3) culture 4) bonds 5) boundaries
8. 1) distances 2) connections 3) differences 4) implications 5) suggestions
9. 1) horizons 2) values 3) nations 4) means 5) status
10. 1) reduce 2) focus 3) prepare 4) connect 5) develop
Directions (Q. 11-17): Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it. Certain words in the passage are printed in bold so as to help you locate them easily while answering some of the questions.
As airlines battle for the skies, it is the traveller who can take wing. It is market compulsion that has driven the three major players in Indian civil aviation to slash their fares by almost half under the newly introduced apex or advance purchase fare scheme, but for arguably the first time since the privatisation of the industry it is the travelling public that stands to gain the most. The potential spin-offs of this are tremendous and go beyond bringing some much needed buoyancy back "to a sector that has been performing sluggishly since the effects of 9/11 and the travel advisories issued by various western embassies and high commissions kicked in. The move will certainly change the traditional profile of the air passenger, expand business and travel opportunities for those who could not afford to fly earlier and increase, in some measure, connectivity throughout the country.
Such attempts at restructuring fares are, of course, not new. In the West, fierce competition and the unremitting drive to push up passenger volumes have led to remarkable ticketing innovations. The apex fare scheme, for instance, works for both the consumer and the airline. While it makes travel affordable for one, it helps the other rationalise its operations and ensure that its seats go full. There have been other interesting variations on this theme too, as for instance the idea of the budget airline. It was reported recently that nofrills airlines like Easy Jet and Go-Fly are transforming the aviation industry in the UK by increasing passenger volumes drastically. Well, we have not quite got to that stage as yet, but India—given its size and requirements——would certainly benefit from the expansion of this vital link industry because flying is no longer a luxury, it has become a necessity.
There are questions, of course, of the impact this price war will have on the industry and whether predatory pricing practices could end up clipping the wings of one player or the other. In many ways these are early days yet and it will take some time before a clearer picture of the efficacy of such measures emerges. For the moment, however, it is celebration time for the consumer. Of course, as we tighten our seatbelts and take off, we also hope that such cost-cutting is not at the expense of factors like adequate facilities and, most important, safety.
11. Which of the following will not be the effect of the recent scheme?
1) New types of travellers will start flying.
2) It will increase the connectivity in the country.
3) It will have ripple effect on the international airlines to reduce fare.
4) Air travel among business people would increase.
5) Earlier, those who could not afford high fare would now consider flying.
12. Which of the following is one of the reasons for aviation sector performing sluggishly recently?
1) Stiff competition among the players
2) Warning against travel issued by some embassies
3) High price of travel
4) Lack of adequate facilities
5) Non-introduction of flexible fare schemes
13. “…………... as we tighten our seat-belts and take off ………...” What does this signify in the context of the passage?
1) When we start using aviation services.
2) As we stretch our pockets to avail air services.
3) There would be a decline in the facilities.
4) When we board the plane, we have to tighten seat belt before take-off.
5) None of these
14. Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage?
1) The reduction in price has been triggered by sluggish performance and competition.
2) In the west,"competition had led to evolving new and effective schemes of fare.
3) The customer had so far not enjoyed the major benefits of privatisation ever since it was done in this sector.
4) More modern type of passengers will avail these travel opportunities.
5) It is too early to assess the complete impact of fare reduction scheme.
15. Which of the following can be the major picture of the apex fare as inferred from the passage?
1) Air tickets on some sectors where the seats go vacant will be lower.
2) The fare on tickets purchased in advance should have benefits.
3) Those who have not travelled by air prefer travelling at cheaper rates.
4) During the sluggish period travelling by aeroplane is cheaper.
5) None of -these
16. Which of the following is most nearly similar in meaning as the word ‘traditional’ in the context of the passage?
5) None of these
17. Which of the following may be the result of price-cutting?
1) Some players would start operating in this scheme.
2) Airlines will provide better facilities to the customer.
3) Some existing players may have to stop operation.
4) Even if the volumes pick off the profit declines.
5) None of these
Directions (Q. 18-22): In each of the following questions there is a sentence with a phrase/idiom printed in bold, followed by five options. Find out the option which expresses the meaning of the phrase/idiom correctly.
18. To speak of one language for the world as leading to one purpose is to put the cart before the horse.
1) reverse the proper order of events
2) invite dictatorship
3) accelerate a backward movement
4) indulge an unrealistic proposition
5) None of these
19. He was somewhat taken aback by the news that the police intended to prosecute him.
3) surprised and upset
20. I have got enough money in my pocket to last me the rest of my life provided I drop dead this afternoon.
3) commit suicide
4) die suddenly
5) None of these
21. Not one of his insulting remarks caused a ripple on the surface of her composure.
1) caused anger
2) had noticeable effect
3) caused injury
4) evoked attention
5) None of these
22. Suresh knows that the good times are over, but he says, “we still feel footloose and fancy-free.”
1) a comeback
3) original condition
4) the presence