Reasoning Solved Question Paper NABARD Phase - I Examination 2016 Preparation
Directions (Q. 1-5): Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Mark answer (1): if the inference is "definitely true", i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
Mark answer (2): if the inference is "probably true" though not "definitely true" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (3): if the data are inadequate, i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
Mark answer (4): if the inference is "probably false" though not "definitely false" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (5); if the inference is "definitely false", i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Low vision is lesser known but widely prevalent eye problem in India- While more than 28 million people in India suffer from low vision in our country, many people do not realize that they have this problem.
Low vision people are neither blind nor do they have full vision. Technically speaking, they score less than 6/18 on visual acuity, and their field of vision is restricted to 10 degrees or less. The people who cannot see very well but whose vision is not helped by the normal glasses are often those suffering from low vision.
1. It is possible to detect cases of low vision by using scientific techniques.
2. Regular and free check-up of eyes for visual acuity can help to reduce cases of low vision among poor people in India.
3. The actual number of cases of low vision in India is I likely to be more than 28 million.
4. The number of cases of low vision in other countries of Asia is quite high compared to India.
5. It is possible to produce special glasses in India.
Directions (Q. 6-10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between "Strong" arguments and "Weak" arguments insofar as they relate to the question. "Strong" arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. "Weak" arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a "strong" argument and which is a "weak" argument.
Give answer (1): if only argument I is "strong",
Give answer (2): if only argument II is "strong",
Give answer (3): if either I or II is "strong",
Give answer (4): if neither I nor II is "strong", and
Give answer (5): if both I and II are "strong".
6. Statement: Should military training of 3 years be made compulsory to all able-bodied youths in India?
I. Yes, similar practice is being followed in some developed countries.
II. No, compulsion spoils the best in everything.
7. Statement: Should Government standardize rent for rented houses in big cities in India?
I. No, it is an interference in the relationship between landlord/and tenant.
II. Yes, Government can do it, provided it has political will to do it.
8. Statement: Should old and poorly maintained petrol/diesel vehicles like autorickshaws and taxis which generate heavy pollution be banned for public services in big cities?
I. Yes, it will reduce pollution level in these cities which will enhance health of citizen.
II. No, what will the poor autorickshaw/taxi drivers do for their survival?
9. Statement: Should Government-dependent loss-making academic institutes like universities/colleges be closed down in India?
I. Yes, they are only creating batches of unemployable young graduates.
II. Yes, none of the developed countries support universities by such massive financing.
10. Statement: Should the system of paying minimum purchase price for farmers for wheat, rice and the like be scrapped in India?
I. No, farmers who produce our staple food must get decent return on their investment and labour in a Welfare State like India.
II. Yes, it is an outdated practice which we must discard.
Directions (Q. 11-15): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give answer (1): if only assumption I is implicit,
Give answer (2): if only assumption II is implicit,
Give answer (3): if either I or II is implicit,
Give answer (4): if neither I nor II is implicit, and
Give answer (5): if both I and II are implicit.
11. Statement: India must earn a lot of foreign exchange to achieve her target of economic development.
I. India desires to achieve the target of economic development.
II. It is possible for India to earn more foreign exchange.
12. Statement: "As you want to succeed in life, you must work hard." ‘A’ tells ‘B’.
I. ‘B’ is capable of doing hard work.
II. All those who have worked hard have succeeded in life.
13. Statement: The nutritional status of children in India is better compared to that in other developing countries. -
I. It is not possible to estimate nutritional requirement of children in other countries.
II. India can become a developed country.
14. Statement: He teaches behavioral science but see how he behaves with others?
I. Our behaviour is controlled by others.
II. One is expected to follow what one preaches.
15. Statement: Economic development and social justice should go hand in hand.
I. Only economic development can bring social justice.
II. Life without social justice is worth not living.
Directions (Q. 16-20): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc on the basis of the information given in the statement. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true.
Then decide which of the two given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.
Give answer (1): if only I follows,
Give answer (2): if only II follows,
Give answer (3): if either I or II follows,
Give answer (4): if_ neither I nor II follows, and
Give answer (5): if both I and II follow.
16. Statements: In response to the published tender notice, the company ‘Z’ has received 57 sealed tenders.
Courses of action:
I. The department concerned has to open the tenders and scrutinise them as per the procedure.
II. The purchase committee will have to meet and recommend to the management the parties identified for allotting tenders.
17. Statement: The company ‘X’ has decided to give 10% increase in salary to its employees from next month.
Courses of action:
I. The accounts department will have to prepare new salary statement for all employees before due date.
II. Employees’ association should ask for more rise in the salary considering the market condition.
18. Statement: The board of directors of the company ‘K’ has decided in principle to wind up or sell off its business in all but core competency areas.
Courses of action:
I. The top management will have to first identify core competency areas of its operation.
II. It will have to identify and shift its best people from core competency areas to non-core area.
19. Statement: The state ‘K’ is expecting bumper crop of A rice this year under its ‘Rice Purchase Guarantee Scheme’.
Courses of action:
I. Other farmers should also start cultivation of rice from the next year.
II. The price of rice will increase in the open market.
20. Statement: The eligibility for appearing for Common Entrance Test (CET) for engineering in state ‘M’ is now raised to 60% from earlier 50% at HSC examination.
Courses of action:
I. Many candidates from state ‘M’ may not appear for CET this year and may appear for CET examination of other states.
II. At pre-examination screening candidates obtaining less than 60% at HSC will have to be eliminated.